UNT BIOL 3510 - Gene Expression (2 pages)

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Gene Expression

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Gene Expression


From gene expression to epigenetic inheritance

Lecture number:
Lecture Note
University of North Texas
Biol 3510 - Cell Biology

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BIOL 3510 1st Edition Lecture 7 Outline of Last Lecture I Coding Amino Acids II Ribosomes III Process of Translation a Initiation b Termination Outline of Current Lecture I Gene Expression II Transcriptional Regulators III Cell Memory IV Epigenetic Inheritance Current Lecture Different cell types from the same organism have the same genome Different cell types produce different sets of proteins account for differences in cell appearance and function Gene expression is the process that results in the generation of a specific protein or RNA molecule Gene expression can be regulated at multiple steps A cluster of bacterial genes can be transcribed from a single promoter In bacteria transcription regulators bind to regulatory DNA sequences close to where RNA polymerase binds Genes can be switched off by repressor proteins Genes can be switched on by activator proteins The Lac operon is controlled by two transcription regulators Eukaryotic transcription is regulated by transcriptional activators and repressors that act at a distance Transcriptional regulators bind to specific regulatory DNA sequences Some transcriptional regulators recruit chromatin modifying proteins Histone tail modifying enzymes histone acetyltransferase promote transcription while histone deacetyletransferase inhibit transcription Combinatorial control multiple transcriptional regulators act to control the expression of a single gene A single transcriptional regulator can control the expression of many genes Cell memory allows a proliferating cell to transmit its cell identity to its daughter cells These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute 1 Positive feedback 2 Transmission of DNA methylation patterns interactive genes are methylated 3 Inheritance of histone modifications Epigenetic inheritance transmission of the pattern of gene expression without modifying the DNA nucleotide sequence An

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