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RELS 108 1nd Edition Lecture 5 Outline of Last Lecture II. Appearance of the SacredIII. 3 Patterns of Sacred ManifestationIV. Sacred PersonsV. Sacred ObjectsVI. Sacred TimeVII. CosmologyVIII. 4 Noble TruthsIX. What is the Eightfold Path?Outline of Current Lecture X. 3 Ways to Talk or Not-Talk about the SacredXI. Other Ways to Talk about the SacredXII. Allegory Current LectureLanguage of the Sacred: 3 Ways to Talk or Not-Talk about God1. Paradoxical Language- EX: Neti-Neti in the Hindu tradition. Brahmin (the highest conceivable divine object in Hindu) is Neti-Neti, which means not this, not that. - EX: St. John of the Cross, God is everything and nothing. - Paradoxical language meant to shock the mind & preconceived notions we have about the divine. 2. Cataphatic- Expressing the Divine through positive terminology. - EX: God is love/goodness. - EX: Bhakti traditions (devotional traditions) in Hinduism3. Apophatic- Expressing the Divine through negation. Speak only in terms of what may not be said about God. - EX: neither existence nor non-existence applies to God. - EX: God is not ignorantOther Ways to Speak of the Sacred- Myth- from the Greek Mythos. “Story, speech, thought.” These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.- Joseph Campbell says there are 4 specific functions of myths:o Metaphysical Function: myth allows human access to cosmic mystery. o Cosmological Function: offers explanations for the physical/observable world.o The Sociological Function: the ability of myth to conform social order. o The Pedagogical: structures the various stages of life that an individual encounters. (For example, rites of passage.)Allegory- Fictional stories- Plato’s Allegory of the Cave, found in his text called “The Republic.”o Dialogue between Plato’s brother and Socrates- Plato’s Theory of Formso Ideal-(noumenal)- Ideaso Real- (phenomenal)- Thingso Goal of philosopher is to make people aware of the ideal


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