VCU ARTH 104 - Exam 1 Study Guide (14 pages)

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Exam 1 Study Guide



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Exam 1 Study Guide

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Pages:
14
School:
Virginia Commonwealth University
Course:
Arth 104 - Survey of Western Art

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Art His 104 Exam 1 Study Guide 9 9 2014 Francesco Petrarch Three periods of history 1 Greco Roman 2 Dark Ages 3 Golden Age of Rebirth The Classical World Ancient Greece and Rome Circa 6th cent BCE 3rd century CE Doric order Ionic order Corinthian order Barrel vault vs groin vault Round arch Petrarch s Dark Ages The Medieval Period in Europe Circa 4th cent 13th cent International Gothic Art and Architecture Circa 1150 1400 1 Virgin and Child from St Denis France circa 1339 silver gilt and enamel This statue is done in the typical Gothic fashion s curved posture fluid drapery holds a scepter that is a fleur de lis which is the symbol of French monarchy The scepter acts as a reliquary that holds a lock of Mary s hair The baby Jesus looks more like a child and on the podium are scenes of prophets and Passion of Christ Gold enameled material Immovable inanimate object Standing in an exaggerated curved post Represents the big shift in art pieces in the medieval period Emotionally connected Shown as a queen Originally was shown with a crown on the Virgin Mary s head Fleur de lis a lily composed of three petals bound together near their bases known from the former royal arms of France Reliquary a container of holy relics 2 Nicola Pisano Nativity detail of relief panel from the pulpit marble circa 1260 Form This is a relief carving The relief varies greatly in the height and or depth of each of the figures and objects In general the composition is fairly symmetrical yet it is very crowded and almost seems disorganized Most of the figures are placed in the foreground of the picture plane and the space created is not very illusionistic Space is created by placing the figures in the foreground lower in the picture plane In order to show the recession of space the figures are layered and placed in a vertical perspective Art His 104 Exam 1 Study Guide 9 9 2014 Several of the figures Mary and the child Jesus Christ are repeated because several scenes are simultaneously being



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