VCU PSYC 410 - Exam 1 Study Guide (6 pages)

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Exam 1 Study Guide

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Exam 1 Study Guide


Intro, research ethics, habituation, and classical conditioning- Habituation and Classical Conditoining

Study Guide
Virginia Commonwealth University
Psyc 410 - Principles Learning & Cognitn

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PSYC 410 1st Edition Exam 1 Study Guide Chapters 1 3 Chapter 1 Learning acquiring knowledge doesn t have to be conscious is said to be relatively permanent and refers to observed change in behavior Origins of learning Nativism does not depend on experience is innate Rationalism does not depend on experience uses logic and reasoning to problem solve Empiricism does depend on experience environment helps us learn cause and effect Ways to measure learning Physiological reports heart rate behavior verbal reports facts affective changes attitude overt behaviors Learning vs cognition Learning is unconsciously acquiring knowledge and isn t always correlated one to one with performance learning curve Cognition is consciously recalling retaining knowledge think of it as a memory Keppel s Study When tested immediately massed practice performs better than distributed Over time it occurs oppositely Memory is retention over time Approaches to studying learning and memory Functional approach based on the idea that people and animals adapt to their environment and studies how learning and memory aid survival Behavioral approach Focuses on the observable examines associations between stimuli and behavior Cognitive approach think information processing in a computer assumes knowledge is represented in the mind still measured through behavior Neuroscience approach Determines biological basis for learning and memory and is usually combined with other approaches Research and Ethics Types of research Observational studies studies in which you only observe behavior looking for example at risk taking behaviors Case studies observing studying one or few individuals Correlational studies Looking for a relationship between two variables correlation does not equal causation Can be positive or negative represented by r ranging from 1 to 1 Small 1 to 3 or 1 to 3 medium 3 to 5 or 3 to 5 large 5 to 1 or 5 to 1 Third variable problem the idea that there could be a third variable influencing the

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