Pitt PSY 0010 - Exam 1 Study Guide (26 pages)

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Exam 1 Study Guide



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Exam 1 Study Guide

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Exam 1- Intro to Psychology


Pages:
26
Type:
Study Guide
School:
University of Pittsburgh
Course:
Psy 0010 - Introduction to Psychology
Edition:
1

Unformatted text preview:

PSY 0010 1nd Edition Exam 1 Study Guide Lectures 1 5 Lecture 1 September 7 The Field of Psychology The history of psychology is rooted in philosophy and the natural science It has only existed for about 135 years and it deals with the interaction between mind and behavior Structuralism Structuralism is a psychology theory invented to observe how people think feel and behave To figure out how the mind works through external events and experiences Functionalism Functionalism is a psychological theory developed by William James at Harvard University Its purpose is to study the causes and consequences of behavior Gestalt Gestalt is a psychological theory developed in Germany It states that we have to look at the whole individual to understand it s function rather than just one part of a person Psychoanalytic Sigmund Freud developed the psychoanalytic theory He was the first to suggest based on work in clinical studies that symptoms came from the mind and were based on an individual s mental state rather than their physical state Behaviorism Ivan Pavlov 1903 o Discovered Classical Conditioning John B Watson 1913 o Science of Behavior B F Skinner 1953 o Developed operant conditioning How the consequences of behavior affect decisions Humanism Carl Rogers 1951 o Person Centered Theory Abraham Maslow 1970 o Hierarchy of needs o Self Actualization to reach your full potential Cognitive Atkinson Shiffrin 1968 o Scientific exploration of memory and other cognitive processes Cognitive neuroscience o Similar to cognitive psychology o Looks at connection between mind and body grounded in research not just philosophical connection Important Theories 1 The sociocultural theory suggests that we are influenced by other people and vice versa It is the belief that our culture influences us 2 The biopsychology theory looks at other aspects of our biology and physiology to understand how they affect our mental psychology 3 The evolutionary theory studies the shared and universal human



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