IUB BIOL-L 112 - Animal Nutrition and the Human Digestive System (3 pages)

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Animal Nutrition and the Human Digestive System



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Animal Nutrition and the Human Digestive System

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Lecture number:
7
Pages:
3
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
Indiana University, Bloomington
Course:
Biol-L 112 - Foundations of Biology: Biological Mechanisms

Unformatted text preview:

BIOL L 112 1nd Edition Lecture 7 Outline of Last Lecture I Protein Structure A Primary Structure B Secondary Structure C Tertiary Structure D Quaternary Structure II Protein Folding in the Cell III Nucleic Acids IV DNA V RNA Outline of Current Lecture I Nutrition II Essential Nutrients A Essential Amino Acids B Essential Fatty Acids C Essential Vitamins D Essential Minerals III Malnutrition A Undernutrition B Essential Nutrients Deficiencies IV Introduction to the Four Stages of Food Processing Current Lecture I Nutrition is defined as the process by which food is obtained by the body and used for health and growth Animals have a variety of diets including herbivores carnivores and omnivores Herbivores eat plants and algae carnivores eat other animals omnivores eat plants algae and other animals Most animals are opportunistic feeders meaning they will go beyond their standard diets in times where those foods are not available Animals must ingest and digest food in order to provide fuel for the body This fuel ATP comes from carbohydrates proteins and lipids Ingesting and digesting is also necessary for generating raw materials that are needed for the synthesis of larger molecules Since animals are not photosynthetic they must have an outside source of carbons to make These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute the large molecules Essential nutrients that the body does not have biological pathways to make are also obtained from ingesting and digesting II Essential nutrients are nutrients that cells are necessary for diet but cannot be synthesized The four types are amino acids fatty acids vitamins and minerals They play different roles in biosynthetic reactions within cells such as substrates of enzymes coenzymes and cofactors Together the essential nutrients allow for pathways to work better A Human adults need 8 essential amino acids in their diets 6 of them



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