UT AFR 310K - History of Modern Africa Lecture Notes (22 pages)

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History of Modern Africa Lecture Notes



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History of Modern Africa Lecture Notes

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Pages:
22
School:
University of Texas at Austin
Course:
Afr 310k - Introduction to Modern Africa

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History of Modern Africa 1 15 13 1 42 PM Africa and Its Environment Geography and People Regions o Mediterranean o North Africa climate like southern Europe o Northwest Maghreb home of Berbers o Northeast Nile river from highlands of Ethiopia and White Nile region to Nile delta Desert Sahara o 1 4 of total African landmass dry for thousands of years o Oases to support trade caravans o Three mountain areas support agriculture Air Hoggar Tibesti o Sahel desert edge shore o Kalahari Namib deserts in the south o Donkey camel the spread of Islam trade culture people Savanna o The grasslands after the Sahel o The Sudanic area Forest land o South of the savanna and the middle of Africa o Tropical rain forests along the equator Four large rivers o Nile Niger Congo Zambezi o Rapids and waterfalls rivers hard to navigate o Rich in silt good for agriculture Great rift valley straddles the equator Highlands Drakensburg Mt in the se the atlas mountains in the NW the fouta djallon mountain in the west the Ethiopian highlands in the east Regions North West Central East and South diaspora North o Dominated by Berbers and ancient Egyptians o Connections to Arabia and Mesopotamia o o o West o o o Ethiopians intermarriage w blacks Big countries lots of desert Arab Islamic culture Nomads in the Savanna Cities and villages that traded long distance Use iron herd animals and cultivate crops colonize the forest o Bantu speaking peoples and their knowledge spread to other regions of Africa and created settlement o Niger and Benue river gold deposits o Kingdoms from the past Ghana Songhay Mali East o Cattle keeping o Connection w Indian ocean o Arab and Persian refugees o Swahili culture along e coast o Old kingdoms bunyoro nkore buganga toro busoga Central o Equatorial rainforests o Migrations and dev of bantu people o Low pop density o Low Islamic influence Christian o Old kingdoms kongo luba lunda kuba o Very rich in natural minerals extremely poor South o Strong external trade o Old



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