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The Newell Test for a Theory of Mind



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THE NEWELL TEST January 15 2019 The Newell Test for a Theory of Mind John R Anderson and Christian Lebiere Carnegie Mellon University Word Count Short Abstract 105 Abstract 207 Main Text 13 058 References 2 961 Entire Text 16 703 Key Words Cognitive Architecture Connectionism Hybrid Systems Language Learning Symbolic Systems Address Correspondence to John R Anderson Department of Psychology BH345D Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh PA 15213 3890 Email ja cmu edu http act psy cmu edu ACT people ja html Christian Lebiere Human Computer Interaction Institute Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh PA 15213 3890 Email cl cmu edu http www andrew cmu edu cl 1 THE NEWELL TEST January 15 2019 Short Abstract This paper attempts to advance the issue raised by Newell of how cognitive science can avoid being trapped in the study of disconnected paradigms and mature to provide the kind of encompassing of its subject matter the behavior of man that we all posit as characteristic of a mature science To this end we propose the Newell Test that involves measuring theories by how well they do on 12 diverse criteria from his 1980 paper To illustrate we evaluate classical connectionism and the ACT R theory on the basis of these criteria and show how the criteria provide the direction for further development of each theory 2 THE NEWELL TEST January 15 2019 Abstract Newell 1980 1990 proposed that cognitive theories be developed trying to satisfy multiple criteria to avoid theoretical myopia He provided two overlapping lists of 13 criteria that the human cognitive architecture would have to satisfy to be functional We have distilled these into 12 flexible behavior real time performance adaptive behavior vast knowledge base dynamic behavior knowledge integration natural language learning development evolution and brain realization There would be greater theoretical progress if we evaluated theories by a broad set of criteria such as these and attended to the weaknesses such evaluations



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