ISU PSY 110 - Exam 1 Study Guide (12 pages)

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Exam 1 Study Guide

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Exam 1 Study Guide


Study Guide
Illinois State University
Psy 110 - Fundamentals of Psychology

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PSY 110 1st Edition Exam 1 Study Guide Lectures 1 5 Lecture 1 August 20 What is the definition of Psychology The scientific study of behavior and mental processes What determines whether something is a science or not What is the Scientific Method It must use the Scientific Method Observe and theorize Formulate a hypothesis Design a study Collect data Apply results to the hypothesis What are the 4 goals of psychology Which goal has to do with hypotheses Which has to do with real world applications 1 Description 2 Explanation 3 Prediction 4 Influence The goal of prediction has to do with hypotheses The goal of influence has to do with realworld applications What are the two types of research Basic Research Seeking new knowledge and exploring advancing general scientific understanding Applied Research Conducted specifically for the purpose of solving practical problems and improving quality of life Who is the Father of Psychology What is the first school of psychology that was founded by him Who is his most famous student The father of psychology is Wilhelm Wundt He founded Structuralism His most famous student was Edward Titchener What is functionalism What did it do for the study of psychology Focuses on how mental processes function and how people animals use mental processes to adapt to their environments It broadened the scope of psychology to study behavior as well as mental processes and it allowed for the study of children animals and the mentally impaired What is behaviorism Who founded it Behaviorism is the study of behavior because it is observable and measurable and therefore objective and scientific John Watson founded it What is Operant Conditioning The idea that behaviors that are reinforced are more likely to occur again What is psychoanalysis Who founded it Psychoanalysis compares human mental life to an iceberg the small visible tip is the conscious mind and the large underwater portion is the subconscious mind Freud founded it What is humanistic

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