UMass Amherst BIOLOGY 280 - Naturalist Theories Leading to the Development of Darwin's Theory (4 pages)

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Naturalist Theories Leading to the Development of Darwin's Theory



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Naturalist Theories Leading to the Development of Darwin's Theory

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The elightenment and major Naturalist theories. The development of Charles Darwin's Theory


Lecture number:
3
Pages:
4
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Course:
Biology 280 - Evolution:Diversity of Life-Through Time

Unformatted text preview:

BIO 280 1st Edition Lecture 3 Outline of Last Lecture I Continuation of Evidence that evolution has occurred a More on Homology b Vestigial traits II Evidence of Change over time a Viewing evolutionary change III View of Evolution Pre naturalist Era a 17th century groundwork Outline of Current Lecture II The Enlightenment of the 18th Century and major Naturalist Theories a Carolus Linneaus b William Smith c William Paley d Lamarck e Malthus f Lyell III Development of Charles Darwin s Theory a Voyage on the HMS Beagle b Galapagos Islands c Alfred Russell Wallace Current Lecture The enlightenment 18th century Triumph of reason This provoked a backlash against the church Religion was beginning to be viewed as superstition and not as important as rational thought o Growth of materialist philosophy People began to look at actual material real things and study them in nature for answers rather than looking to God and religion for answers People began looking at the Earth s history The new classification derived from Carolus Linneaus still believed in Gods plan He believed that he was revealing God s plan and he viewed a hierarchical classification as the order in which God s creatures were created o Around the mid 1700 s classification of organisms reached a glorious form thanks to Botanist Linneaus o He organized all known living things at the time into a hierarchy of groups known as Taxa He could assign all living things into a genus family or order based off of shared physical traits with other organisms o System known as Taxonomy and is still used today These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute Yet Linneaus believed that overall for most part life has not changed its form since biblical era He did acknowledge that plants could interbreed and produce hybrids William smith British canal surveyor He found that the same kinds of fossils appearing in older rock



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