Mizzou PSYCH 2410 - Exam 1 Study Guide (11 pages)

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Exam 1 Study Guide

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Exam 1 Study Guide


Summaries of in class lectures and key terms in bold

Study Guide
University of Missouri
Psych 2410 - Developmental Psychology

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PSYCH 2410 1st Edition Exam 1 Study Guide Lectures 1 6 Lecture 1 Class Introduction and Historical Overview I Historical Foundations Plato innate knowledge discipline for children is one size fits all Atistole development depended on experience different techniques for individual John Locke Tabula Rosa blank slate emphasis on nurture importance on strict parenting at first then progressively more lenient Jean Jacques Rousseau born innately good emphasis on nature no instruction needed learn through own motivation age 12 is the age of reason and when formal education should begin Research on children started child labor laws and social reform o Charles Darwin s theory of evolution o Sigmund Freud development from unconscious biological drives Emphasis on sexuality Psycholanalytic theory sexual desires influence all o Jean Piaget behaviorist Rewards and punishments become associated learning Nurture over nature o John Watson behaviorist Behaviorist theory environment determines development Rewards and punishments that follow behaviors Lecture 2 Development Themes and Research Methods I Seven Themes in Development 1 Nature and Nurture Nature biological endowment genes we receive from our parents Nurture physical and social environments that influence our development o CURRENT VIEW they interact o Example Watson s Little Albert Study believed in behaviorism Proved that fears were learned o Example Ohman and Mineka some fears stem from innate fear we are just programmed to develop it with experience 2 The Active Child the roles individuals play in their own development Preference to lean towards different things motivated to learn o Dropping babbling pretend play kids seek out their own environments 3 Continuity and Discontinuity Continuous development changes with age occur gradually Discontinuous development changes with age include occasional large shifts Stage Theory approaches that propose that development involves a series of discontinuous age related phases

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