SC POLI 201 - Logic6eCh12Outline (21 pages)

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Logic6eCh12Outline



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Logic6eCh12Outline

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Powerpoint of Chapter 12 (The Logic of American Politics)


Pages:
21
School:
University Of South Carolina-Columbia
Course:
Poli 201 - American National Govt

Unformatted text preview:

12 Political Parties Political Parties Functions Political parties created democracy and modern democracy is unthinkable save in terms of parties E E Schattschneider Political parties perform several functions recruit and train leaders foster political participation teach new citizens democratic habits and practices bring citizens and leaders together in electoral coalitions allow citizens to keep their agents collectively responsible for what government does help channel and constrain political conflicts organize activities of government Political Parties Two prominent definitions in stark contrast to one another Edmund Burke a body of men united for promoting by their joint endeavors the national interest upon some particular principle in which they are all agreed Anthony Downs a team of men seeking to control the governing apparatus by gaining office in a duly constituted election The Constitution s Unwanted Offspring The Constitution makes no mention of political parties Parties were widely considered to be a threat to good government and public order The first American parties were not meant to be permanent First Amendment guarantees ensured party activities would be legal The Constitution had an effect on the kind of parties that developed The Constitution s Incentives for Party Building The Constitution s provisions for enacting laws and electing leaders put a premium on building majority alliances across institutions and electoral units Parties were the result of efforts made by political entrepreneurs to build stable legislative and electoral alliances mobilize voters and develop electoral techniques Basic Features of the American Party Systems Hence parties emerged because too useful to forego not because people thought parties were a good idea Certain features reappear in every historical party system Two Party Competition The two party system endures as a result of plurality elections in single member districts Duverger s Law Decentralized Fragmented



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