SC POLI 201 - Logic6eCh07Outline (15 pages)

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Logic6eCh07Outline



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Logic6eCh07Outline

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Powerpoint of Chapter 7 (The Logic of American Politics


Pages:
15
School:
University Of South Carolina-Columbia
Course:
Poli 201 - American National Govt

Unformatted text preview:

7 The Presidency The Historical Presidency Royal governors King of England served as earliest examples of executive power This led to a distrust in executive power The Articles of Confederation had no executive The Framers gave the president enough resources for responding to national emergencies but insufficient authority to usurp the Constitution They eventually settled on a single president whose powers were initially limited but have grown over time Presidential Qualifications and Terms of Office Natural born citizen of the United States At least 35 years old Resident of the United States for 14 years of longer All except President Obama have been white males The last four presidents went to ivy league institutions for college Presidential Qualifications and Terms of Office No term limit originally Only one president ever served more than two terms Franklin Roosevelt Elected to four terms died after 12 years 22nd Amendment limits president to two terms or 10 years if the president takes office via succession The President Impeachment and Removal Executive Privilege an implied presidential power president can refuse to disclose confidential conversations about national security to Congress or the judiciary U S v Nixon 1974 executive privilege does not allow a president to refuse to comply with a court order to produce information for a criminal trial Appointment Powers The president appoints ambassadors ministers and consuls judges and officers of the United States Approved by the Senate Cabinet formal body of advisers who head the 15 executive agencies Presidents typically rely on advisers that are not in the cabinet Power to Convene Congress The president may convene the Congress on extraordinary occasions Congress is in session most of the time now so this power no longer applies Used in the past during extreme circumstances Civil War Depression Power to Make Treaties The president negotiates and signs treaties The Senate must confirm with a 2 3 vote The



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