SC POLI 201 - Logic6eCh06Outline (30 pages)

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Logic6eCh06Outline



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Logic6eCh06Outline

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Powerpoint of Chapter 6 (The Logic of American Politics)


Pages:
30
School:
University Of South Carolina-Columbia
Course:
Poli 201 - American National Govt

Unformatted text preview:

6 Congress Congress in the Constitution Congress s basic structure product of the Great Compromise House of Representatives members serve two year terms popularly elected in biennial elections minimum age is 25 years seats are allocated to states on the basis of population with each state regardless of size having one representative Senate members serve six year terms selected by state legislatures until the 17th Amendment 1913 one third of the chamber is elected every two years minimum age is 30 years each state regardless of its population has two senators Powers of Congress Article I Section 8 impose taxes coin and borrow money regulate interstate and foreign commerce spend money for the common defense and general welfare residual powers to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States or in any Department or Office thereof foreign affairs declare war raise and finance an army and navy and call out state militias to execute the Laws of the Union suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions Powers of Congress Article II Section 2 The Senate ratifies treaties and confirms presidential appointments of ambassadors The Senate approves presidential appointments to the Supreme Court highranking executive branch officials and all other Officers of the United States whose Appointments are not herein provided for and which shall be established by Law The Electoral System Senators are elected in statewide contests Representatives are elected from congressional districts Senate and House candidates are elected by plurality vote Wins more votes than any other candidate Majority vote wins 50 of votes Supermajority wins 2 3 of votes Congressional Districts Gerrymandering Manipulation of the shape of legislative district to benefit a certain incumbent or party Districts must have equal population The Supreme Court decision Thornburg v Gingles



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