SC POLI 201 - Logic6eCh05Outline (40 pages)

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Logic6eCh05Outline



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Logic6eCh05Outline

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Powerpoint of Chapter 5 (The Logic of American Politics)


Pages:
40
School:
University Of South Carolina-Columbia
Course:
Poli 201 - American National Govt

Unformatted text preview:

5 Civil Liberties Civil Liberties Snowden s freedom of speech and press Citizen s freedom of privacy in government data gathering telephones license plates etc Personal information and property in police searches Physician assisted suicide Abortion Nationalization of Civil Liberties Constitution s protections from government power Civil liberties emerged on the national policy agenda for several reasons especially the emergence of new technologies and changes in lifestyles Principles versus changing standards implementation new mediums etc Nationalization of Civil Liberties Determination of civil liberties shifted from almost the exclusive jurisdiction of states and communities to Washington Advances in national civil liberties policy often involve reining in majorities National policies include for example protecting flag burning demonstrators from being incarcerated barring communal prayer at a public school graduation preventing juries from hearing confessions before defendants were read their Miranda rights Nationalization of Civil Liberties The Bill of Rights Checks Majority Rule The Bill of Rights was designed to limit government s capacity to impose conformity costs on individuals and minorities High transaction costs to amend Constitution and modify rights But no amendment is absolute and ambiguity may arise Other constitutional provisions especially those related to national security may bring official action into conflict with individual rights Civil liberties are a boundary setting activity regarding what government actions are and are not permissible The Bill of Rights 1st Amendment 2nd Amendment Cruel and unusual punishment 9th Amendment Right to trial by jury 8th Amendment Speedy and public trial impartial jury confront witnesses counsel 7th Amendment Self incrimination grand jury for capital crime double jeopardy due process 6th Amendment Unreasonable search and seizure 5th Amendment Quartering of soldiers 4th Amendment Right to keep and bear arms 3rd



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