SC POLI 201 - Logic6eCh04Outline (32 pages)

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Logic6eCh04Outline



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Logic6eCh04Outline

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Powerpoint of Chapter 4 (The Logic of American Politics)


Pages:
32
School:
University Of South Carolina-Columbia
Course:
Poli 201 - American National Govt

Unformatted text preview:

4 Civil Rights What Are Civil Rights Civil rights the protections by government or that government secures on behalf of its citizens Government must act to protect Civil liberties the protections from government power Protected when government does not act Provided by Constitution What Are Civil Rights Originally civil rights were civic rights or protections against arbitrary action by the British Crown government Civil rights was not commonly used until 1760s Modern day civil rights include safeguards against any effort by government or dominant groups in a community to subjugate another group and take unfair advantage of it Civil Rights of African Americans African Americans faced two major obstacles in securing rights The Constitution reserves authority to the states voter eligibility separation of powers difficult to strike against intrastate tyranny Politics based on self interest government controlled by men not angel s Politics of Black Civil Rights Height of Slavery 1808 1865 Late 1807 Congress passed a law ending the importation of slaves Southern representatives in Congress didn t contest Over next decade slavery remained side issue since South had veto over national policy due to regional balance in Senate But regional balance requires matching state entry into Union Missouri Compromise 1820 Missouri petitioned Congress for admission as a slave state Congress matched with entrance of Maine as free state Tensions as North attempts to fence in slavery and South realizes only matter of time until no longer keep veto power in national policy Politics of Black Civil Rights Height of Slavery 1808 1865 North starts to realize its interest in eradication of slavery Wilmot Proviso Proposed banning slavery in recently acquired territories Slavery depressed wages for free white workers Introduced twice in House and passed both times but failed in evenly divided Senate Missouri Compromise of 1850 South complaining of unreturned runaway slaves North disgusted with



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