SC POLI 201 - Logic6eCh03Outline (18 pages)

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Logic6eCh03Outline



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Logic6eCh03Outline

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Powerpoint of Chapter 3 (The Logic of American Politics


Pages:
18
School:
University Of South Carolina-Columbia
Course:
Poli 201 - American National Govt

Unformatted text preview:

3 Federalism American Style Federalism Federal System authority divided between two or more distinct levels of government United States consists of federal and state levels Hybrid arrangement that mixes elements of a confederation and a unitary system Confederation lower level government has primary authority Unitary system national government monopolizes constitutional authority American Style Federalism Evolving Definitions of Federalism Dual federalism state governments and the national government preside over spheres of sovereignty Cooperative federalism state governments and national government jointly supply services to the people American Style Federalism Evolving Definitions of Federalism Federalism and the Constitution Expansion of national authority Transformation of Senate Institutional rules reserving rights to states Who decides expansion is legitimate Nationalization allowed by Constitution by granting federal government ultimate power to determine within certain bounds the extent of its authority over states Federalism and the Constitution Transformation of the Senate Equal representation for states regardless of population Senate members originally selected by state legislatures 17th Amendment 1913 mandated direct popular election of senators removing ties to state legislators Federalism and the Constitution Constitutional Provisions Governing Federalism Federalism and the Constitution Interpreting the Constitutional Provisions The Supreme Court resolves conflicts between federal and state governments and in the process creates powerful precedents McCulloch v Maryland 1819 Gibbons v Ogden 1824 Gitlow v New York 1925 Near v Minnesota 1931 Palko v Connecticut 1937 Griswold v Connecticut 1965 Roe v Wade 1973 The Paths to Nationalization Nationalization of public policy The nationalization of public policy was propelled by a rationale or logic of collective action Certain programs outstrip state resources States sometimes solicit federal intervention



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