SC POLI 201 - Logic6eCh01Outline (24 pages)

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Logic6eCh01Outline



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Logic6eCh01Outline

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Powerpoint for Chapter 1 (Logic of American Politics)


Pages:
24
School:
University Of South Carolina-Columbia
Course:
Poli 201 - American National Govt

Unformatted text preview:

1 The Logic of American Politics The Logic of American Politics Choices invariably breed conflict for example conflicting interests conflicting values conflicting ideas about how to allocate limited resources The Logic of American Politics Politics the process through which individuals and groups reach agreement on a course of common or collective action even if they disagree on the intended goals of that action Politics matters because each party need to find a solution to the conflict Politics involves bargaining and compromise Reconciling preferences givens represents a fundamental problem of governance The Importance of Institutional Design Institution a structure or mechanism of social order governing the behavior of a set of individuals within a given community Effective political institutions have a set of rules and procedures for reaching and enforcing collective agreements Examples of rules and procedures that promote collective action The Constitution Constitutions and Governments A Constitution establishes a nation s governing institutions and the set of rules and procedures these institutions must and must not follow to reach and enforce collective agreements Formal eg United States or informal eg Britain A government consists of these institutions and the legally prescribed process for making and enforcing collective agreements Constitutions and Governments Authority versus Power Authority is the acknowledged right to make particular decisions Offices confer specific authority and responsibilities on the occupants Power is an officeholder s actual influence with other officeholders and as a consequence over the government s action Constitutions and Governments Institutional Durability Institutions tend to be stable and resist change Institutions persist beyond the tenure of office holders who occupy them The people who are affected by them make plans based on the expectation that current arrangements will remain the status quo Those who seek change



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