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International S&T Cooperation for Sustainable Development



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International S T Cooperation for Sustainable Development Some thoughts on European experience over almost the last 20 years Cornelia E Nauen European Commission Directorate General for Research International S T Co operation 1049 Brussels Belgium cornelia nauen cec eu int Introduction There is a general recognition that knowledge and investment into human capital are the most critical factors for sustainable development for any human society industrialised or developing As Jeffrey Sachs points out specific investment into development challenges with emphasis on human resources and research is indispensible The following highlights relate to the almost 20 years of experience with collaborative research between teams from the European Union and from developing and emerging economies Successive Framework Programmes FP for Science and Technology of the European Community since its third edition have harboured specific programmes of scientific and technological cooperation with developing and emerging economies DCs Principles Back in 1979 the UN Conference for Research and Technology for Development identified key aspects of these needs In the event developing countries insisted that simple technology transfer was neither socially neutral nor adequate to their needs In response to the demand for more scientific cooperation instead the European Commission established in 1983 an international S T programme with developing countries for sustainable development This programme has been continuously developed in successive European Science and Technology Framework Programmes in a learning by doing mode It initially focused on the joint development of appropriate technologies However since the nineties in the climate surrounding the Rio Earth Summit and European commitments to support the transition towards sustainability systems and policy research have been introduced in recognition of the need to tackle existing complexities in a qualitatively different way not ensured



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