TAMU SOCI 205 - Research Methods Cont. (3 pages)

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Research Methods Cont.



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Research Methods Cont.

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Lecture number:
3
Pages:
3
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
Texas A&M University
Course:
Soci 205 - Intro To Sociology
Edition:
1

Unformatted text preview:

SOCI 205 1nd Edition Lecture 3 Outline of Last Lecture II Modern Theoretical Approaches III Is Sociology a Science IV Understanding Cause and Effect V Research Methods VI TopHat Questions Outline of Current Lecture I Research Methods Cont a Ethnography b Surveys c experiments Current Lecture I Research Methods Cont a Ethnography i Defined as participant observation interviews ii Generates rich deep data iii Criticism typically not generalizable iv Examples 1 First hand experience that can also be incorporated into study b Surveys i Questionnaires via face to face internet etc ii Generate a lot of data from large numbers of people 1 Very efficient due to the large number of respondents diverse group of people iii Appropriate for statistical analysis These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute iv Random sampling of the population to generate a sample thus improving ability to generalize v Criticisms 1 Can be thin or superficial 2 Example a Mackin and Walther on Sport and Social Mobility 3 Question for discussion why is number of days physically active last week 0 5 problematic as a measure of sport participation Review this question a Definition of physically active is too vague b Timing the question was proposed 4 May lack honesty vi Experiments and Surveys Schuman on Surveys 1 What is a sample What is probability sampling a Why did Gallup do a better job than Literary Digest of predicting the outcome of the president election of 36 i Different audiences being surveyed not a diverse enough group 2 How does form and wording of a survey affect the results a Certain words have certain connotations that influence how a person answers b Structure also may affect open or closed ended 3 What are some solutions to the wording problem a Presenting the same questions at different times and compare them over the years this keeps the data stable and can continue to



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