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A Study of the Relationship Between Protective Behaviors



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JOURNAL OF AMERICAN COLLEGE HEALTH VOL 53 NO 1 A Study of the Relationship Between Protective Behaviors and Drinking Consequences Among Undergraduate College Students Jorge Delva PhD Michael R Smith MA Richard L Howell MS Dianne F Harrison PhD Dina Wilke PhD D Lynn Jackson MSW Abstract The authors identified the number type and trequency of protective behaviors that undergraduate college students who consume alcohol use to prevent alcohol related consequences Their hypothesis was that students who engage in more types of protective behaviors with greater frequency would be less likely to experience alcohol related consequences Participants consisted of a randomly selected sample of 1 355 undergraduates aged 18 years and older at a large public university Students completed a mailed questionnaire on alcohol and health behaviors in spring 2002 The findings after adjustment for covariates indicated that self protective behaviors are inversely associated with alcohol related problems for women but not for men The influences of gender and racial and ethnic differences are considered in relation to prevention and intervention programs aimed at reducing alcohol related consequences on college campuses consumption is prevalent among college students and that many students experience a plethora of academic psyclhosocial and health consequences some of which are fatal 4 5 Although considerable attention has been given to ideiitifying high risk drinking groups 2 4 1618 and risk factors arniong college students 9 22 scant attention has been paid to icenti fying the protective behaviors in which students engage to prevent or minimize alcohol related harm 23 As a result of the widespread prevalence of alcoholrelated problems among college students the 1990s witnessed the emergence of interventions such as social norms moitivational and comprehensive multifaceted programs 52 4 Our purpose in conducting this study was to I identify the types of protective behaviors in which



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