GSU POLS 1101 - Federalism (3 pages)

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These notes discuss what federalism is and why we need it, the evolution of federalism, the division of powers, and coercive federalism.

Lecture number:
Lecture Note
Georgia State University
Pols 1101 - American Government

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POLS 1101 1st Edition Lecture 5 Outline of Last Lecture I Amendments II Electoral College III Federalism Outline of Current Lecture I Federalism A Why do we have it B Evolution II Division of Powers III Coercive Federalism Current Lecture I Federalism what is it and why do we have it Federalism is the division of power between state governments and the national central government Why do we have it Mostly to limit power Check power between levels of government The evolution of federalism Dual Federalism Cooperative Federalism Coercive Federalism Dual federalism can be seen as a layer cake because it is clearly divided between the federal and state governments in clear terms These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute Cooperative or Coercive Federalism is like a marble cake because national state and local governments work cooperatively and collectively Some examples McCulloch v Maryland 1819 greater national authority Gibbons v Ogden 1824 14th Amendment II Division of Powers The national government and the state governments both have certain powers and some of these powers even overlap National National defense Makes currency Post office Foreign affairs Interstate Commerce States Concurrent Loan and borrow money Taxation Law enforcement Charter banks Transportation III Charter local governments Education Public Safety Registration and voting Interstate commerce III III Coercive Federalism National Highway system federal government system gives money so states comply Government coerces states threatens to not give money if states do not comply drinking age Unfunded mandates Coercive federalism without constitutional authority over certain policy areas the national government uses monetary incentives to compel states to comply with policy initiatives outside the traditional realm of federal jurisdiction

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