UW-Madison BIOLOGY 101 - Carbs, Water, and Functional Groups (2 pages)

Previewing page 1 of 2 page document View the full content.
View Full Document

Carbs, Water, and Functional Groups



Previewing page 1 of actual document.

View the full content.
View Full Document
View Full Document

Carbs, Water, and Functional Groups

336 views


Lecture number:
2
Pages:
2
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Course:
Biology 101 - Zoology 101: Animal Biology
Edition:
1
Documents in this Packet

Unformatted text preview:

Zoology 101 Animal Biology Last Lecture Outline 1 What is biology basic science vs applied science properties of life 2 How we study biology life builds from the bottom up Current Outline 1 What makes up animals 2 Water Water and its bonds 3 Organic Macromolecules functional groups reactions how molecules come together 4 Carbs Lecture2 What makes up animals Animals differ from other species by being Eukaryotic multicellular heterotrophic need to ingest food lack cell wall in membranes bodies made up of cells organized into tissues motility can move Water and Its bonds Water is the solvent of life Covalent bond atom share of elections O is more electronegative than H O has a higher affinity for electrons due to unequal sharing of electrons Polar covalent bonds occur when one end of the atom is a partial charge while the other end is an opposite charge They can t cancel out in order for the molecule to be polar Can form a hydrogen bond an attraction of partial charges Can bond with other hydrogen bond polar molecules Polar molecules dissolve in water polar polar like dissolves like Ions charged particles dissolve in water Organic Molecules Carbon provides framework of biological molecules hydrocarbon only has carbon and hydrogen energy stored in chemical bonds C C and C H bonds Nonpolar Functional Groups each one is carbs proteins lipids nucleic acids Hydroxyl O H Carbonyl C O O H Amino N H H Phosphate PO4 Methyl CH3 Monomers chain of small subunit molecules 2 monomers dimer many monomers polymers Reactions Connecting monomers dehydration monomer connects with another and dispels a water molecule Breaking down hydrolysis water is added to the polymer dimer and that water breaks up the chains into monomers dimers Carbs sugars Monomer Monosaccharide ex Glucose used for cellular respiration fuel for ATP simplest sugar Disaccharide broken down for quick energy 2 monosaccharides brought together through dehydration enzymes break down bonds to make monosaccharides



View Full Document

Access the best Study Guides, Lecture Notes and Practice Exams

Loading Unlocking...
Login

Join to view Carbs, Water, and Functional Groups and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or
We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Carbs, Water, and Functional Groups and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or

By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?