TAMU BIOL 213 - Proteins, Nucleic Acids, and Thermodynamics (8 pages)

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Proteins, Nucleic Acids, and Thermodynamics



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Proteins, Nucleic Acids, and Thermodynamics

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Lecture number:
4
Pages:
8
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
Texas A&M University
Course:
Biol 213 - Molecular Cell Biol
Edition:
1

Unformatted text preview:

BIOM 213 1nd Edition Lecture 4 Outline of Last Lecture II Molarity A Definition B Tips on how to do the molarity problems III Acids Bases and pH a Definitions of acid and base b Ionization of water Kw c Tips on how to do problems involving pH d Buffers IV Review of the most common chemical groups in biological molecules a A list their formulas a unique characteristic and where they re commonly found V Macromolecules a Monomers of all b Condensation reaction VI Polysaccharides a Description i Major functions b Structure i How the flipping of an O and OH can change the sugar c Glucose i Alpha and beta VII Lipids a Description i Ester linkage b Basic structure i Hydrophobic and hydrophilic parts ii Saturated vs Unsaturated c Properties d Two main different kinds covered in lecture i Triacylglycerol ii Phospholipid 1 Phosphatidylserine VIII Cholesterol a Basic structure b Main functions These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute i Hormones IX Proteins a Description i Major functions b Amino Acids i Structure ii Classification nonpolar charged or uncharged polar iii We need to be able to Outline of Current Lecture 1 Finishing up proteins a Polar molecules b Structure function 2 Nucleic acids a Main functions b Structural polarity c Basic structure i Nucleotides d DNA vs RNA 3 Central dogma of biology a DNA synthesis transcription translation 4 Noncovalent bonds in macromolecules a Bonds macromolecules to themselves b Bonds together multiple macromolecules 5 Basic overview of macromolecules a Small subunits join together to make macromolecules which can join together to make macromolecular complexes 6 Thermodynamics a 1st and 2nd laws b Entropy 7 Free energy G a G energetically favorable b What it depends on c When G 0 at equilibrium 8 Review of oxidation and reduction a Oxidation loss b Reduction gain c The more highly reduced molecule has more energy 9 Energy in



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