UT Arlington BIOL 3322 - Exam 1 Study Guide (13 pages)

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Exam 1 Study Guide

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Exam 1 Study Guide


nervous system, evolution or the brain and behavior, function and organization of brain, neurotransmitters, chemical and electrical

Study Guide
University of Texas at Arlington
Biol 3322 - Brain and Behavior

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BIOL 3322 1nd Edition Exam 1 Study Guide Lectures 1 6 Lecture 1 August 26 I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII XIII XIV XV XVI Origins of Brain Behavior a Frontal lobe b Temporal lobe c Occipital lobe d Parietal lobe e Central sulcus f Lateral fissure g Precentral gyrus h Postcentral gyrus Gyrus small protrusion or bump formed by the folding of the cerebral cortex Sulcus groove in brain matter usually found in the neocortex or cerebellum Fissure very deep sulcus Nerve System a Central Nervous System CNS i Contains brain spinal cord b Peripheral Nervous System PNS i Somatic nervous system ii Automatic nervous system Behavior a Complexity of behavior varies considerably in different species Simple NS narrow range of behavior Complex NS wider range of behavior Behavior can be studied by the learned and the evolutionary history of behavior in species Inherited all members of that species respond in same way reflexive inherited Reflexive Behavior a Humans withdrawn themselves from danger b Such as the danger of hear humans will pull away from heat as a reflex w o thinking about the movement Studying behavior goes back to ancient Greece Aristotle a Mentalism behavior as a function of the mind b Mind what is it cannot be seen or studied Monolistic approach mind governs behavior not sure how but the outcome is measurable Dualistic approach mind spirit separate the body controlled either by mind or body but not both a Mind spirit Mentalistic Voluntary psychological b Body Reflective Involuntary Biological Evolutionary history of behavior Earth is approximately 4 5 billion years old a 1st forms of life 3 5 billion years old b 1st brain cells 700 million years old c 1st brain 250 million years old XVII XVIII XIX XX XXI XXII d 1st human like brain 6 million years old e modern human brain 200 000 years old 5 different kingdoms a Bacteria b Protista c Plantae d Fungi e Animal Evolution of animals having NS a Nerve net b Segmented nerve trunk c Ganglia d Chordates e Notochord

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