WVU GEOG 102 - Chapter 3 Middle and South America (5 pages)

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Chapter 3 Middle and South America



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Chapter 3 Middle and South America

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Middle and South America Physical Geography and Human Interactions


Lecture number:
5
Pages:
5
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
West Virginia University
Course:
Geog 102 - World Regions

Unformatted text preview:

GEOG 102 1nd Edition Lecture 5 Outline of Last Lecture I Global patterns and local lives associated with II Economic Globalization III Free Trade NAFTA IV Migration from Middle and South America to North America Outline of Current Lecture V Middle and South America Physical Patterns A Landforms B Climate VI Human Environment Interactions Current Lecture Geographic Setting Middle America Mexico Central America Islands of the Carribean South America Continent south of Central America Landforms These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute Wide range Highlands o Continuous belt of mountains from Alaska to Tierra de Fuego o Produced through plate tectonic activity created mountain chains o High volcanic activity in Mid America and Carribean Lowlands o Stretch from Western Mountains to the Atlantic Ocean o Amazon Basins Largest feature Drained by the Amazon river system 20 of the world s fresh water World s largest expanse of rainforest Many climate zones Climate Enormous climate variety Jungles of the Caribbean Glaciers capped mountains in the Andes Range of temperatures Expanse of landmass Variations in altitude Patterns of precipitation Influenced proximate oceans and their current Peru Current o Brings cold surface waters Air above is very dry o Peru current and Andes rain shadow world s driest desert the Atacama of Northern Chile The Andes effect on Precipitation o Block trade winds rain o Rain shadows western side of the Andes Local shape of the land Global patterns in wind currents and ocean currents Temperature and Altitude Zones Increase in Altitude Decrease in Temperature Tierra caliente hotland up to 3000f Tierra teplada temperate land 3000f to 6500f Tierra fria cool land 6500f to 12000f Tierra helada frozen land Above 12000f Trade winds Sweep off the Atlantic bring heavy seasonal rains Pacific Winds Bring seasonal rain to the west coast of Central



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