UNT PHIL 2400 - Native American Traditions and The American Legal System (2 pages)

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Native American Traditions and The American Legal System



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Native American Traditions and The American Legal System

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Topics include court cases and executive laws that dealt directly with preserving the rights and privileges of native American religious traditions.


Lecture number:
4
Pages:
2
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
University of North Texas
Course:
Phil 2400 - Reli & Ameri Soc
Edition:
1

Unformatted text preview:

PHIL 2400 1st Edition Lecture 4 Unit Native American Traditions and The American Legal System Required readings Albanese pg 35 41 Outline of Current Lecture I American Indian Religious Freedom Act 1978 a Relationship with 1st amendment II Peyote Rituals a Background b Reactions to Peyote Rituals c Related Legal Rulings d What are important legal debates about peyote use in the United States e Supreme Court Case Oregon v Smith 1990 III Religious Freedom Restoration Act 1993 IV Conclusions V Introduction to next class Executive Order No 13007 May 24 1996 Current Lecture American Indian Religious Freedom Act 1978 Enacted to protect the rights of American Indian religions 1st amendment Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof Think about why the American Indian Religious Freedom Act was still necessary almost 200 years after the 1st amendment was enacted Peyote Rituals Background Small cactus containing a psychostimulant Grown in Texan and Mexican deserts Used for indigenous religious practices for almost 6 000 years Reactions to Peyote Rituals 1900 several states pass laws prohibiting use of peyote 1918 Native American Church formed only for Native Americans utilized both Christian and Peyote rituals emphasized self respect morality sobriety and charity to members These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute Related Legal Rulings 1954 Supreme Court Case peyote protected under 1st ammendement Controlled Substance Act 1970 mescaline stimulant present in peyote classified as prohibited hallucinogen 1970s some states allow peyote use for religious purposes 1990 28 states allow peyote 22 states prohibit peyote What are important issues in legal debates about peyote use in the U S Which law has precedence over the other i e 1st amendment over Controlled Substance Act or vice versa State laws vs federal



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