ISU PSY 231 - Exam 1 Study Guide (12 pages)

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Exam 1 Study Guide

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Exam 1 Study Guide


This is a study guide for our first test in Psych 231. The lectures are condensed and questions and answers are added to some of the lectures.

Study Guide
Illinois State University
Psy 231 - Research Methods in Psychology

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PSY 231 1st Edition Exam 1 Study Guide Lectures 1 8 Lecture 1 August 19 Science is based off of systematic observation Observation learn by watching the thing you want to learn about Systematic carefully planned and structured different from everyday experience Selective Attention attentional blindness we may not notice everything that is important to know special problem in research Over Confidence Bias more faith in our knowledge than it deserves especially with familiar things Biased Perception drawing inferences about ambiguous incomplete information percieve what we are looking for based on past experience special problem in research researchers often know what they wish to see hypotheses get limited glimpses of human behavoir shows up in cause effect judgements Ben Rush yellow fever started blood letting draining as much as 85 of a persons blood came away thinking it was a cure for yellow fever used a lot of biased perception in his notes Post Hoc Fallacy belief that if B follows A A must cause B correlation does not mean causation the knowledge that matters most is cause effect Structured Observation guidelines for how to gain knowledge that is accurate and unbiased Technical tools equipment statistics Thinking tools to avoid bogus beliefs and conclusions Lecture 2 August 21 Research Methods guidelines for obtaining accurate objective information Research studies require special circumstances for observing experiments usually do not take place in the flow of everyday life they also require careful measurement of thing you want to learn about Research Design plan for getting answers to the question the question asks something about the world Design depends on the kind of question Co occurance two events happen together Kinds of questions designs that do not address cause effect Goal describe measure occurrence Descriptive research some surveys naturalistic observation no way to predict do not know why Goal predict measure co occurrence correlational research

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