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Environmental considerations shuttle and rocket launches



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Environmental considera0ons shu3le and rocket launches Adam Morgan Chat Hull Shu le program 123 shu3le launches First launch in 1981 4 5 launches yr No CO2 release in eco friendly burning H2 and O2 1 Solid Rocket Boosters SRB s have big impact hydrochloric acid forms in launch cloud1 1 h3p news bbc co uk 2 hi uk news magazine 4130980 stm Shu le program Caveat if we extend our view the environmental impacts could be greater Manufacture of shu3le boosters tanks Manufacture of launch infrastructure Maintenance and upkeep of all equipment hardware opera0ons etc related to space program For example we need energy to manufacture hydrogen fuel cells TINSTAAFL Shu le program decommissioning This Programma0c EA provides informa0on associated with the poten0al environmental impacts of the transi0on and re0rement T R of NASA s Space Shu3le Program SSP The T R of the SSP would consist of the disposi0on of both real property land buildings and other structures and their associated built in systems that cannot readily be moved without changing the essen0al character of the real property and personal property all assets not classi ed as real property owned by leased to or acquired by the government Property disposi7on ac7vi7es are the primary focus of this EA because this is the T R ac7vity with the greatest poten7al for environmental impacts The Programma0c EA approach allows NASA to assess the overall T R ac0vi0es although some speci c op0ons are not yet su ciently developed to assess in detail 2 Emphasis added 2 h3p www nasa gov pdf 214131main SSP Programma0c EA full pdf Delta II rockets Delta II rockets Require 10 000 gal of kerosene3 125 launches since 1989 Presuming similar pollu0on from burning jet fuel and burning Delta II kerosene the total pollu0on emi3ed by all Delta II s to date is equivalent to the pollu0on from roughly 22 maximum range ights of a fully loaded 747 400 gas mileage 235 meters gal 4 Of course there are a variety of other types of fuel used in the later



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