IUB PSY-P 101 - The History of Psychology (2 pages)

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The History of Psychology



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The History of Psychology

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This outline describes the history of psychology and how definitions of this science progressed as psychologists discovered new and important information over time.


Lecture number:
2
Pages:
2
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
Indiana University, Bloomington
Course:
Psy-P 101 - Introductory psychology

Unformatted text preview:

PSY 101 1st Edition Lecture 2 Outline of Last Lecture I II III What is Psychology The Origins of Psychology The Influence of Psychology Outline of Current Lecture I The History of Psychology Current Lecture I The History of Psychology a Physiology branch of biology studies of functions of living organisms i In the 1600s physiologists studied the workings of the brain and its relation to human behavior ii In the 1700s physiologists began to trace specific bodily functions to specific brain areas 1 Phrenology was a study that emerged in the 1700s but did not last long b Wilhelm Wundt 1832 1920 the founder of Psychology i Wrote the Principles of Physiologic Psychology 1879 ii Created the first psychology lab at the University of Leipzig 1879 iii Defined psychology as the study of consciousness and mental life c Edward Titchener started the first school of Psychology i Titchener was Wundt s student and later became a professor at Cornell In his studies he measured reaction time but was criticized by his beliefs about structuralism 1 Structuralism introspection and studying basic components of conscious experiences a The problem with structuralism is that it was different for each and every person Titchener however thought it could be the same if he taught them right d William Jamen professor at Harvard i Functionalism American influence on the study of psychology that changed everything 1 Based off of basic Darwin philosophy that behavior adapts to the environment a How b functions to affect a ii In Psychology we cannot rely on common sense



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