UB PSY 101 - Section 1-2 (22 pages)

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Section 1-2



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Section 1-2

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Pages:
22
School:
University at Buffalo, The State University of New York
Course:
Psy 101 - Introductory Psychology
Introductory Psychology Documents

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Lecture Notes Gabriel Psych101 Section 1 Page 1 LECTURE NOTES FOR SECTION 1 OF CLASS BEGIN HERE Introduction What Isn t Psychology late night chats What do dreams mean Why are people the way they are If a tree falls in the forest and no one hears it does it really make a sound Why doesn t he she call A Research Finding About Love The Hindsight Bias Predict Winner of Election Powell 1988 The Hindsight Bias Predict Rape Janoff Bulman et al 1985 What Is Psychology The Scientific Study of Behavior and the mind What Is Psychology Scientific Systematic objective methods of observation book calls empirical Lecture Notes Gabriel Psych101 Section 1 Page 2 What Is Psychology Behavior Any activity that can be observed recorded and measured What Is Psychology Mind All conscious and unconscious mental states Must be inferred Goals of Psychology Not just to describe and explain behavior but also to predict and control behavior The History of Psychology Wundt The father of psychology First laboratory Structuralism identify the common elements of experience Introspection Functionalism How and why does the mind help us function in the world Influences by Charles Darwin William James Amazing Ideas and Prose First Lab in USA Gestalt Psychology The whole is more than the sum of its parts Visual e g Neon Psychodynamic Theory Freud Theory of how thoughts and feelings affect behavior Push and pull of unconscious and conscious forces Lecture Notes Gabriel Psych101 Section 1 Page 3 Behaviorism Skinner Reaction to Psychodynamic Theory Reinforcement Study behavior for behaviors sake Humanistic Psychology Rogers Reaction to Behaviorism and Psychodynamic People have positive values free will and creativity Goal Personal Growth Cognitive Approach How information is stored and operated on Reaction to Behaviorism Neuropsychology Understanding how the brain works helps us to understand psychology Evolutionary Psychology Natural Selection changes in the frequency of genes in a population that occur



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