The 1912 Election

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The 1912 Election

This lecture covers the 1912 election.

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Lecture Note
Texas A&M University
Hist 106 - History Of The U S
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HIST 106 2nd Edition Lecture 14 Outline of Last Lecture I. T.R. and the modern presidency II. Roosevelt and labor III. Birth of the conservation movement IV. Corporate regulation V. Taft and the insurgents Outline of Current Lecture I. The 1912 election II. Implementing new freedom III. Expanding new freedom IV. Racism and progressivism V. African-American leaders organize Current Lecture  The 1912 election o Intro/context o Background  Woodrow Wilson-championed reforms and immediately began to campaign as progressive parties (which he did not like before)  Wanted regulated competition and the government’s job was to break up big businesses by anti-trust laws  TR proposed a strong government and defended big businesses, saying that they were inevitable and healthy (nationalism)  Supported demands for social welfare (abolish child labor, workers compensation)  Proved unable to bring progressive democrats over to his side o New nationalism vs. New freedom o Results  Wilson won an easy electoral college victory but did not have the popular vote  The democrats stayed in congress so Wilson had a big advantage as he had his party in office while he was  TR came in a close second and Taft came in a distant third  Implementing new freedom o Intro/context  Gave out a ton of jobs and did a lot of compromising to help get his votes o Tariff Reform  Wanted to reduce tariffs and forced through the Underwood-Simons tariff act (the first substantial reduction in tariffs since the Civil War)

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