Science, Technology and Exploration

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HIST 158 1st Edition Lecture 2 Outline of Last Lecture I. Major structures following the fall of the Roman Empire II. “Fall of Rome” in 476 III. Justice and power IV. Crossroad of Cultures V. Religion and popular culture Outline of Current Lecture I. Society and Economy II. Science, Technology and Exploration Current Lecture I. Society and Economy a. Three divisions: noble, clergy, peasants i. Fixed divisions that often caused tensions b. Economy: long decline, revival starting in 11th century c. Burghers- people living in the cities (often part of the middle class) i. People heard of the opportunities in the cities and moved ii. Became a very attractive ideal: peasants were no longer bound to the land: “town air makes one free” 1. Cities grew and economy was stimulated d. Famines and The Black Plague 1347 i. Wiped out a third of European society II. Science, Technology and Exploration a. People thought they were living in “special times” b. Major technical innovations i. The Printing Press 1435-1450 1. A collaborative invention: Glutenberg, Fust, Schoffer 2. China: block printing and paper 3. Flanders: ink 4. Germany: advanced metal and working skills 5. Global effects a. Scholarship: accuracy, collaborative, accessibility b. Dissemination of ideas on a global scale These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.



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