Exam 1 Study Guide

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Exam 1 Study Guide

Study Guide
Texas A&M University
Hist 106 - History Of The U S

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HIST 106 1st Edition Exam 1 Study Guide: Lectures 1-8 Lecture 1 What was the Dred Scott case and how did it help contribute to mounting tensions leading up to the war? Dred Scott had appealed to the supreme court for his freedom, as he had lived in places where slavery was banned. The supreme court justice rules that all slaves, regardless of their status, were not and could never become citizens of the US. This meant that Scott was still a slave, not a citizen, and could not file this suit. This ruling made the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional and infuriates the anti-slavery movement. It also says to the south that they have been right all along and that the north is trying to infringe upon their constitutional rights. What was the Emancipation Proclamation? Declared that slaves in rebelling states were free, meaning slaves everywhere were not. The south was not listening though, so the proclamation was virtually empty as it freed no one. It only proved successful as the north pushes farther into the south and liberates slaves in those areas. Overall, the proclamation literally does almost nothing in the beginning, but holds a very strong symbolic meaning, and officially shows that the war has evolved into freeing the slaves. Lecture 2 What did the black codes do? Black codes were the south’s way to restore slavery as best they could. They were specifically designed to keep blacks under whites and were enacted in the immediate aftermath of the war. How did the north react to these black codes? Enact the “Reconstruction Acts” which were… 13th Amendment- Abolishes slavery 14th Amendment- Blacks could become citizens, could not be deprived of life, liberty, or the pursuit of happiness, and requires each state to provide equal protection to its citizens. 15th Amendment- States that voting rights cannot be withheld due to race, color, or previous servitude How did the Freedman’s Bureau help newly freed African Americans? It provided blacks with basic needs, such as food, clothing, and shelter. It also provided education and mediation for service contracts and employment. What is the difference between Radical and Presidential Reconstruction? Presidential Reconstruction was not as harsh, as it wanted to respect confederate land holding and not punish the south any farther as the economy had been completely devastated. This reconstruction plan was extremely easy on the south, because it was expected that the south would cooperate and join the Union faster if they were being treated better. Johnson’s plan was not favored in the north, as many felt the south should be punished for the entire war. Congress begins “radical” reconstruction, which main goals were to punish the confederates, bring full citizenship to African Americans under all circumstances, and fundamentally transform the south. Lecture 3 What was sharecropping and how did it ensure that blacks once again ranked below whites? Rich white land owners would allow poor whites and blacks to harvest part of their land in exchange for part of the crop ...

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