UVA NUIP 2250 - Final Exam Study Guide (82 pages)

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Final Exam Study Guide



Previewing pages 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82 of actual document.

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Final Exam Study Guide

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Final Exam Study Guide! All lectures included!


Pages:
82
Type:
Study Guide
School:
University Of Virginia
Course:
Nuip 2250 - Principles of Nutrition
Principles of Nutrition Documents

Unformatted text preview:

NUIP 2250 1st Edition Final Exam Study Guide Lectures 1 24 Lecture 1 January 13 Overview of Nutrition What s the definition of nutrition What are nutrients What do nutrients do The definition of nutrition is the process by which living organisms ingest digest absorb transport utilize and excrete nutrients It can also be defined as the relationship of food to health and the chemical content of food Nutrients are nutritive substances necessary for growth and functioning These include carbohydrates fats proteins water vitamins and minerals Some of the functions nutrients have include providing energy assist with growth and the maintenance of tissues and assist in the regulation of body processes What is metabolism What is the difference between anabolism and catabolism Metabolism can be defined as all physical and chemical reactions that occur in the body Anabolism is the buildup of tissue for growth maintenance or repair so it helps BUILD Anabolism occurs during childhood pregnancy bodybuilding and patients with wounds While catabolism can be defined as the breakdown of tissues for energy so it helps BREAK which occurs when one experiences a calorie deficit malnourishment and patients who cannot eat or absorb nutrients and those who are NPO How is energy stored How is many calories are stored in carbohydrates protein fat and alcohol How many calories are equivalent to one pound of fat Energy is stored in the bonds between carbon atoms Carbohydrates contain 4 kcals gm Proteins contain 4 kcals gm Fats contains 9 kcals gm Alcohol contains 7 kcals gm 3 500 calories are equivalent to one pound of fat What two ways could someone be considered malnourished What are the risk groups for undernutrition Does obesity mean well nourished The two ways that someone could be considered malnourish are thorugh undernutrition or overnutrition The at risk groups in the U S are the elderly alcoholics drug addicts hospitalized patients homelessness and people with eating disorders Obesity



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