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1991 JCPIQ Assessment of Self-Efficacy in Articulated Thoughts



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84 Davison et al Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy An International Quarterly Volume 5 Number 2 1991 Assessment of Self Efficacy in Articulated Thoughts States of Mind Analysis and Association with Speech Anxious Behavior Gerald C Davison University of Southern California David A F Haaga The American University Joel Rosenbaum Sharon L Dolezal and Karen A Weinstein University of Southern California This study related articulated thoughts during simulated situations ATSS to behavioral observations Articulated thoughts of undergraduates in supportive and stressful simulated public speaking situations were coded for indices of positive and negative self efficacy and outcome expectations Cognitions varied as expected across situations In the stressful but not the supportive situation a state of mind ratio relating positive to positive negative selfefficacy was inversely correlated with behaviorally rated speech anxiety and self reported trait speech anxiety The results suggest that 1 self efficacy can be reliably and validly inferred from articulated thoughts 2 these thoughts are meaningfully related to overt behavior 3 social cognitive theory might fruitfully incorporate the states of mind model and 4 challenging subjects or clients by such means as imagining stressful situations may be necessary to activate cognitions associated with negative emotions and dysfunctional behavior Testing cognitive behavioral theories requires valid methods for assessing cognitions and further research is needed to determine the conditions under which each method is reliable and valid Clark 1988 The articulated thoughts during simulated situations ATSS Davison Robins Johnson 1983 paradigm offers 1991 Springer Publishing Company 83 an alternative to the most common cognitive assessment format structured questionnaire endorsement methods ATSS involves audiotaped presentation of hypothetical situations interrupted at intervals to allow subjects time to think aloud Subjects describe current



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