The Progressive Era

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The Progressive Era

Who were the Progressives, who promoted them, and beliefs they shared.

Lecture number:
Lecture Note
Texas A&M University
Hist 106 - History Of The U S

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HIST 106 1st Edition Lecture 7 Outline of Last Lecture LECTURE OUTLINE FOR WHITE SUPREMACY • The Rise of Jim Crow From de facto segregation to de jure segregation – Wilmington Race Riot of 1898 – Disfranchisement laws • Whitening the West Dawes Act and attempted assimilation of Indians Chinese Exclusion Act • Nativism and New Immigrants Shift from “old immigrants” to “new immigrants” Nativism: restriction, discrimination, assimilation Outline of Current Lecture OUTLINE FOR THE LECTURE ON THE PROGRESSIVE ERA I’m going to break the lecture up into two parts: First, we’ll look at: Who Were the Progressives? • What beliefs did Progressives share? • Who promoted Progressivism? • What problems did Progressives want to fix? • Who were the Progressives? Then we’ll discuss: Progressives and Politicians • Theodore Roosevelt—the first Progressive President Arbitrating disputes between labor and industry Trustbusting Industrial regulation Conservation • The Election of 1912 Taft vs. Roosevelt Roosevelt and the Progressive Party Woodrow Wilson Eugene V. Debs • Woodrow Wilson’s “New Freedom” (We may not get to everything; if we don’t, we’ll finish talking about the Progressives at the beginning of next Tuesday’s class.) Current Lecture Who were the progressives? 1. What beliefs did progressives share? a. Progress i. Life and society would get better if people made honest effort to make it better ii. Was possible to make the world over iii. People could create new worlds and individuals could be an active part in history iv. Thought progress could be made by pointing problems out b. People are good and rational i. Industrialism had covered up good ii. More like ignorance than evil intent iii. If pointed out faults and what is wrong, people would rally to fix things iv. Humans would think and make decision in rational ways v. Muckraking- exposing problems to society 1. “The Jungle” and the meat packing industry 2. Public called for food and drug regulations c. Individual rights have to be balanced with the public good i. Worried individual rights came at expense of group interest ii. Certain forms of private and public control would enhance, not limit, public good 1. Would build society of healthy and mentally strong d. Capitalism i. Thought this was endangered by growing number of unhappy workers and immigrants ii. Wanted it to be reinstated and reformed e. Reform i. Improvements to society 2. Who promoted progressivism? a. Intellectuals and Academic i. Sociology- studying society to find and test solutions for society’s problems b. Educators i. John Dewey 1. Father of Progressive Education 2. argued school was place to change society 3. Job of teacher was to teach the student how to live by teaching them how to think ii. Progressives believed everyone should be educated

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