The Role of Government

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The Role of Government

A look at the role of government in the economy and in society. Ideological spectrums and how this affects partisanship. Then how this affects institutions. References to graphs and tables in the textbook.

Lecture number:
Lecture Note
Texas A&M University
Pols 207 - State & Local Goverment

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POLS 207 1st Edition Lecture 7 Outline of Last Lecture I. Politics Among the States Outline of Current Lecture II. The Role of Government in the Economy III. The Role of Government in Society a. Ideologies b. Institutional differences Current Lecture: The Role of Government in the Economy In other countries, as resources become more abundant government tends to move closer to socialism. Society becomes more civilized and moves closer to a socialist society. Socialism includes services such as subsidized public transport and utilities. Inglehart’s study has a theory about post-materialism. Answer questions and he defined whether you are post-materialist or not. He finds that there are a lot of post-materialistic societies in Western Europe. They find that these societies have a lot of post-materialists. These societies have surpassed their need for the first 4 four parts of Maslow’s law and have moved onto the fifth; actualization. This means they have moved onto spirituality and other aspects of life such as the environment. Europeans cycle to most places because they believe in global climate change; so want to help the environment. Americans are still classified as materialists. The Role of Government in Society Freedom  ----------------------------  Order  Social Freedom o Places a high value on individual liberties even at the expense of having an orderly society  Bill of Rights – freedom of speech, freedom to assemble etc. Those that believe in social freedom feel that these are more important than social order because without freedom, society would crumble.  Social Order o Places a high value on public stability and decency even at the expense of individual freedom Political Ideology Liberal  ---------------------------  Conservative (Left wing) (Right wing)  Economic Issues T  ---------------------------------  A (L  ----  C) Slavery was a example of a freedom market economy – eradicating this has taken it away because there are regulations on how much you have to pay your workers. Anarchy = less regulation. Totalitarianism = more regulation.  Social Issues A ---------------------------------  T (L  ----  C) Totalitarianism – regulations. Control over how you must act and how you must dress etc. So moving towards A means less regulations and moving towards T means more regulation. Patriot Act took away many of our freedoms, after 9/11 fear led to this act.  Government can now check your library subscriptions, emails and other details. Liberals are against this and don’t believe that government should have this power. China currently has a free market economy that has created a huge amount of pollution.  There are no regulations on emissions and therefore companies do nothing to stop them. This has created huge amounts of smog covering Beijing. FDA is government regulation, which is moving towards the T on the scale.  However, it helps stop harmful chemicals arriving in our food etc. so we have to decide between total freedom and a little government ...

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