Exam 1 Study Guide

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POLS 207 2nd Edition Exam 1 Study Guide: Lectures 1-7 Lecture 1 POLITICAL CULTURE  Political Culture = shared beliefs among people about the role government and citizens should play in the political system based on historical styles and traditions in state politics  3 main questions: o What role should government play? o What role should citizens play in the political system? o Based on political culture, how are the political officials evaluated?  Daniel Elazar = an important political scientist who wrote a typology of three political cultures based on historical migration patterns that resulted in various religious/ethnic concentrations and thus different beliefs about government  #1 Moralistic Political Culture o Origin = heavy Scandinavian (Northern European) and German Protestant populations who moved to New England states in the North and upper Midwest o Government = positive instrument working for the greater good of society  health care programs, welfare programs, promoting public good in private sector o Public Officials = held in high regard for achieving a greater good for society o Citizens = obligated to participate (vote, support campaigns, run for office) for good of society  #2 Individualistic Political Culture o Origin = European migration of Catholics and Southern Europeans into mid-Atlantic states o Government = to serve individual self-interests so limited intervention of private sector, a marketplace to shape government for oneself, favors distributed to government supporters o Public Officials = in it for themselves as a chosen career to get benefits out of it o Citizens = mostly only voting, participation is a “necessary evil,” democracy competing for government control and benefits  #3 Traditionalistic Political Culture o Origin = plantation economy of the South dominated by white Protestants and class division o Government = maintain status quo, keep elites in power and hierarchy stratified o Public Officials = the ruling elite o Citizens = masses are discouraged from participation, which is limited to the elite  While the type of state political culture can give an indication of citizen participation (like voting rates) and the size of government (such as spending on programs), today there has been a nationalizing of political culture due to national news, media, and federalism, which is an expansion of government programs that affect everyone.  Texas Political Culture o combination of traditionalistic, individualistic political culture  traditionalistic Texas - once part of the plantation economy of the Deep South Confederacy, immigration of Hispanics from colonial ruled Mexico  individualistic Texas – immigration of white Anglos from Midwest states o shared views of traditionalistic, individualistic political culture  conservative government (limited in power, governors have short terms)  individuals act in their own self-interest (limited gov. intervention in the private sector)  government should do only those things individuals cannot do for themselves  government should keep taxes low & limit social services/advancement of civil rights  leads to lower participation and voting rates in Texas  Political Culture is more stable than Political Parities (their policies change ...

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