Interest Groups

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Lecture 7 Outline of Last Lecture I. Gerrymandering II. Definition of Political Participation III. Types and Frequencies of Political Participation by American Citizens IV. Participation in the US and Texas Compared to Other Nations a. motor voter law V. Types of Political Participants VI. Participation Factors in Texas Politics a. Historical Legacies, Social and Economic Factors, Party Competition, Region/Culture VII. Requirements for Voting in Texas VIII. How to lose your right to vote in Texas IX. Reading Homework: Chapter 4 Section Protest as Political Participation Outline of Current Lecture: I. Interest Groups in State Politics II. Main Types of Interest Groups a. Business, Occupational, Agriculture, Public Interest III. Strategies of Interest Groups a. Financial/Electoral Support, Lobbying, Public Relations Campaigning IV. Interest Group Power and Influence a. Factors: Diversity of State Industry, Party Strength, Professionalism, State Political Culture, Government Fragmentation V. Regulations of Interest Groups, Specifically In Texas Current Lecture INTEREST GROUPS Reading Reminder for Test:  50 Questions, Bring a scantron (8.5 x 11), Bring your ID Interest Groups in State Politics  interest group = a formal association of individuals that attempts to influence governmental policy Some of the Main Types of Interest Groups:  For each, think about each group’s incentive to influence government!  Business Groups o example - group of small business owners, a manufacturing association, a group involved in a certain segment of the economy like the oil/gas industry o influence because regulations & taxes of the states affect businesses so want to have a say  Occupational/Professional Groups o ex = Teachers Groups (want to influence what tests you have to pass, what education you have to have, what salaries are going to be like, what retirement plans are going to be like) o directly or indirectly regulated by the state POLS 207 2nd Edition o most states regulate at least 60 occupations (teaching, barbers, stylists, morticians, etc) o state controls their entry (who can be teacher, who can practice medicine, who can cut hair) o groups want to have a say in what the pay of compensation, what the standards are, what the regulations are, what the entry is  Agriculture Groups o agriculture is a business (regulations on safety, marketing, distribution)  some agriculture groups look just like other business groups o Some groups though represent farm workers to protect their safety from pesticides, etc.  these groups represent more of an occupational group  Public Interest Groups o public interest groups are not trying to seek material benefits for their members  on the other hand, businesses want better business conditions  occupational groups want more pay and compensation  most groups are looking for material benefits from gov. directly & indirectly! o public interest groups are NOT aimed at material benefits o public interest groups are aimed at better government for the interest of the public  example - Sierra Group = Environmental Group o work for common cause (American Civil Liberties Union, Women’s Groups) o monitor what government does ...

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