The Gilded Age and the Machine Age

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The Gilded Age and the Machine Age

Brief look at the rail road strikes of 1877 and the Gilded Age.


Lecture number:
4
Pages:
7
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
Texas A&M University
Course:
Hist 106 - History Of The U S
Edition:
3

Unformatted text preview:

HIST 106 1st Edition Lecture 4 Outline of Last Lecture 1. Redemption: Opposition to Reconstruction in the South • Strong Southern Dislike of Reconstruction Governments • Terrorism to Recreate & Reinforce White Supremacy • Establishment of a New Race and Class-Based Labor System: Sharecropping 2. Retreat: Northern Retreat from Reconstruction • Depression of 1873 3. Economic Issues Take Precedence • Pessimism over the South’s Ability to “Reconstruct” & to Treat African Americans Equally 4. Fate of Southern Reconstruction Governments & the “Mississippi Plan” • Presidential Election of 1876 and the Compromise of 1877 Outline of Current Lecture  The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 • The Second Industrial Revolution • America’s Growth • The Expansion of the Railroads • Cornelius Vanderbilt and the railroads • Andrew Carnegie and Vertical Integration • John D. Rockefeller and Horizontal Integration • Gilded Age Ideas of Wealth • Survival of the Fittest • Laissez-faire Capitalism • Conspicuous Consumption • Labor in the Gilded Age • Changes between Employers and Employees • Knights of Labor • Haymarket Square Bombing • American Federation of Labor Current Lecture 1. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 a. Workers salaries slashed i. 1873- $70 a month ii. 1877- $30 a month b. Prices only declined a small amount c. This led to homelessness, depression, suicide, etc d. Announced that in summer additional wage deductions would happen i. Workers all over walk of ii. First national labor strike 1. Wildcat Strikes a. Unplanned b. Not led or initiated by unions 2. Matinsberg, WV a. Workers disconnect all the engines b. Said couldn’t provide family with basic necessities of life c. Marked beginning of period of labor unionization 3. Spreads to other cities a. Women join 4. Where trains continued, crowds stopped them (burning bridges, pulling up rails) a. Seize the food on the trains for families b. Militia exchanges fire i. People walk off other jobs out of sympathy e. South Reconstruction forgotten i. Many that complained about having federal troops stationed, called for them again 1. President responds and sends 2. Militia fires into crowd killing 20 f. Marked beginning of repression of organized labor by businessmen and federal government 2. The Second Industrial Revolution i. Expansion of RR ii. New Technology iii. Expansion of Large industry iv. Survival of the fittest mentality and Laissez-faire Capitalism b. America’s Growth i. Population doubles in 35 years 1. 1865-1900 ii. Annual production of goods grows 1. 2 billion dollars to 13 billion iii. Moves from Ag to Industrial economy iv. 1890s US passes Britain in terms of production c. The Expansion of the Railroads i. First major American corporations ii. Provided models for other industries iii. Helped other industries grow faster iv. 1830 only 23 miles of RR 1. After Civil War, great demand for transcontinental a. Wanted to link N,S,E,W together b. Federal Government gets involved and gives large amount of money i. Largest contribution in history



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