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Rutgers MUSIC,APPLIED(UNITS07AND08) 511 - Comm and Info Exam #1

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Study Guide Exam 1 Householder 10/10/2016 Philosopher: Lover of Truth Saint Augustine: persuaded people in the name of the church Printing Press: made the propagation of religion and information Interpersonal: social interaction approach looking at communication Interpersonal Communication: the process by which people exchange information, feelings, and meaning through verbal and non-verbal communication. It is FACE-TO-FACE communication Intrapersonal: a communicator’s internal use of language or thought.Knowing oneself Intrapersonal communication: Occurs in the mind of the individual in a model which contains a sender, receiver, and feedback loop 4 Principles of Communication: Communication is- INESCAPABLE: We cannot avoid communication. Even the attempt to not communicate communicates something.- IRREVERSIBLE: Once you say something or do something you can’t actually take it back. It inevitably remains in that relationship- COMPLICATED: no form of communication is simple. There are so many variables involved. (EXAMPLE BELOW: SIX PEOPLE IN A TWO PERSON CONVERSATION)o Who you think you areo Who you think the other person isThis study source was downloaded by 100000839256468 from CourseHero.com on 11-02-2022 20:47:09 GMT -05:00https://www.coursehero.com/file/25880339/COMM-EXAM-1-STUDY-GUIDEdocx/o Who you think the other person thinks you are (thinking aboutwhat people think of you even if you don’t necessarily know)o Who the other person thinks he/she iso Who the other person thinks you areo Who the other person thinks you think he/she is- CONTEXTUAL: communication doesn’t happen in isolationo Psychological context: who you are and what you bring to the interaction. Expectations, anxiety, nervousness, etc.o Relational Context: concerns your reactions to the other persono Situational Context: deals with the psycho-social “where” you are communicating. (EXAMPLE: communication in a classroomwill be very different than the communication that takes placein a bar.)o Environmental Context: the physical part of where you are communicating, taking into consideration furniture, noise level, temperature, season, time of day, etc.o Cultural Context: All of the learned behaviors and rules that affect the interaction. Any type of group affiliation that can affect communication. (EXAMPLE: If you come from a culture where it is rude to make long and direct eye contact, you will out of politeness avoid it. However, the other person may come from a culture where eye contact means trust and politeness, there is a cultural bias which will cause a misunderstanding) Situational Perspective/Approach: Addresses the physical elements of a communication situation- Small number of communicators  (DYADS)- Close Proximity(Face-to-face)- Maximum use of senses(Need all sight, smell, touch, hearing etc.)- No intermediates(mechanical device or other 3rd party)- Immediate Feedback(verbal and non verbal) necessary for interpersonal communication Developmental Perspective/approach: Addresses the knowledge the people have of one another in a communication situation What is used to measure Interpersonal Communication; the scale?- Levels of info used to make predictionso Cultural: The largest group someone can be affiliated with (NOT IP)This study source was downloaded by 100000839256468 from CourseHero.com on 11-02-2022 20:47:09 GMT -05:00https://www.coursehero.com/file/25880339/COMM-EXAM-1-STUDY-GUIDEdocx/o Sociological: (In the middle of NOT IP AND VERY IP) o Psychological: (VERY IP)- Levels of Knowingo Descriptive: First level of knowing. Based on first time meeting. The people can only describe each other physically (NOT IP)o Predictive: Second level of knowing. Being able to accurately predict someone’s reaction to a certain stimuli. (MIDDLE)o Explanatory: Third level of knowing. You can accurately explain why someone reacts the way they do. (VERY IP)- Levels of Interaction Ruleso Extrinsic Motivation: Coming from the outside (behavior motivated by external rewards such as money, fame, grades or praise.o Extrinsic Rules: Society imposed rules on how to communicateo Intrinsic Motivation: Behavior driven from internal rewards . (the want to engage in a certain behavior arises from within the individual)o Intrinsic Rule: self imposed rules on communication (example:secret handshake or rules in a relationship) Process Perspective: The process of using our senses to respond to stimuli. Focus on form and content. Balance of spontaneous and analytical. (VERY IMPORTANT IN INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION)- Communication Competence: The ability to effectively exchange meaning through a common systems of symbols, signs or behavior. Ethics a set of moral principles or values.o Internal competencies: unique capabilities; advantage in certain situations Interpretive: Assigning meaning to what we perceive Role: The ability to adapt to social roles. (knowing how to act) PROCESS OF ADAPTING- Self: The ability to choose and present yourself as desired. PROCESS OF SELF PRESENTATION Goal: The ability to set goals and anticipate consequences. (PROCESS OF PLANNING) Message: Ability to process verbal and non verbal using your sensed. (THE PROCESS OF CODING)Co External or Perform CompetenciesThis study source was downloaded by 100000839256468 from CourseHero.com on 11-02-2022 20:47:09 GMT -05:00https://www.coursehero.com/file/25880339/COMM-EXAM-1-STUDY-GUIDEdocx/ The ability to transfer your knowledge of how to act intoactual communication Expectancy Violation Theory: a communication theory which explains the unexpected behaviors of humans while interacting.- Reward Valance: After the evaluation someone makes about the person who committed the violation. The sum of positive and negative attributes and the potential to either REWARD or punish someone for it. In this case reward- Violation Valance: After the evaluation someone makes about the person who committed the violation. The sum of positive and negative attributes and the potential to either reward or PUNISH someone for it. In this case punish Interpersonal Deception Theory: a communication theory which explains how people handle deception either consciously or subconsciously while engaged in face to face behavior. People are bad at detecting deception with Non verbal ques. The theory also looks into how relational closeness can affect the ability to detect deception


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