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Berkeley MELC 10 - Midterm Review Guide

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MELC10 Midterm Review GuideFall 2022The midterm exam is designed to assess your understanding of the knowledge you havegained so far in this course. The exam will consist of a combination of multiple-choicequestions, short answers, and a few longer essays based on information from Weeks Onethrough Seven. Students will complete the 80-minute exam during a time and at a place oftheir choosing using bCourses. Students are allowed to study together, but are required tocomplete the exam on their own.The midterm will be published on bCourses on Friday, October 14 around 12PM. The midtermexam must be completed by Sunday, October 23 at 11:59 PM. Once you begin the midterm, itmust be completed within the 80-minute time limit.This study guide is designed to help you synthesize the information that you have learned inlectures, sections, and your independent weekly readings and viewings. The best way tocomplete this guide is to review your notes and the lecture slide decks first. Then, if you haveany lingering questions that require more clarity, review the recorded lecture published inbCourses. If the concept was covered in section, then consider contacting your GSI. You arewelcome to visit the office hours of the professors or GSIs. See bCourses for the schedule.KEYTERMS, CONCEPTS, AND EXPRESSIONSBelow is a list of keyterms, concepts, and expressions students learned in lectures, sections,and course readings. You are encouraged to define each one in a few words or sentences.OrientationWorld building; the ‘Past is a Foreign Country’Week 1: ُEgyptomania and the Reception of MesopotamiaWhat is the ‘Middle East’? Where is the ‘Middle East’ located ; Egyptomania; Lamassu;Reception and Reception History; Object Itinerary; Austin Henry Layard; Napoleon; obelisksWeek 2: Subsistence Methods & GeographyFertile Crescent; irrigation; pastoralism; food insecurity; animal domestication; plantdomestication; paleoethnobotany; zooarchaeology; landscape degradation; Nile Delta; BlackLand/Red Land (Kemet/Desheret); landscapes; Hapy; sepat; Book of the Two WaysWeek 3: Philology & ArchaeologyPhilology; archaeology; tell; artifact; feature; assemblage; Law of Superposition; stratigraphy;absolute & relative dating; Carbon-14 dating; four goals of archaeology; emic and eticperspectives; cosmogony; What is a “text”?; Egyptian Letters to the DeadWeek 4: HistorySource criticism; historiography; importance of the planet Venus; historical consciousness;primary sources; secondary sources; lunar calendar; Enuma Anu Enlil; Sumerian Kings List;Ptolemy’s Canon of Kings; timeline; Sothis/Sirius; dynasties; Battle of Qadesh; ManethoWeek 5: Cuneiform & HieroglyphsCuneiform; scribe; DINGER; lexical lists; Sumerian vs. Akkadian; Demotic; Hieratic;hieroglyphs; triliteral signs; Rosetta Stone; determinative; ideographic vs phoneticWeek 6: Urbanism and EconomyPopulation aggregation; urbanism; Chatal Hoyuk; Uruk; Babylon; Uruk Vase; Ishtar Gate; theUluburun shipwreck; Karum Kanesh; duck weights; cylinder seal; patrimonialism; patrimonialhousehold; palace and temple redistribution; coinageWeek 7: Kings and KingshipSovereignty, including the difference between popular sovereignty and absolute sovereignty;LUGAL; cultural hegemony; Stele of Naram-Sin; the substitute king; Nabonidus; Code ofHammurabi ; Royal Standard of Ur; Narmer (Palette); Ma’at; cartouche; pharaoh; double crownbCourses ContentWe recommend reviewing all of the required reading and viewing content in bCourses forWeeks 1 through 7. In particular, pay closer attention to the following secondary sources:Week 1: Introduction: “Two Hundred Years of Ancient Egypt” by David JeffreysWeek 2: “The Physical Context of Ancient Egypt” by Sarah ParcakWeek 3: Watch instructional video on the Egyptian Book of the DeadWeek 4: Watch “Assyria vs. Elam: The Battle of Til Tuba”Week 4: “Introduction: Chronologies and Cultural Change in Egypt” by Ian ShawWeek 7: “Divine and Non-Divine Kingship” by Philip JonesWeek 7: “The Pharaoh and Pharaonic Office” by Ellen MorrisWeek 7: Watch the visual analysis of the ‘Victory Stele’ of Naram-SinWeek 7: Watch the visual analysis of the ‘Stele of Hammurabi’Primary SourcesWe have so far examined a number of primary sources in class lectures and in section. Werecommend reviewing the following list of textual and visual sources. Do not worry aboutknowing when the source was created. Instead, develop three- to five-sentence descriptions ofeach source that 1) summarizes the contents of the source; 2) describes its significance and 3)how it connects with weekly course themes. For instance, the Sumerian Kings List is “a list ofancient Sumerian kings, the length of their rule, and their activities. The List is important forunderstanding the history of Mesopotamian kingship as well as understanding howMesopotamians thought about kingship.”LamassuStele of Naram-SinMemphite CosmogonyBook of GenesisEnuma ElishBook of the DeadNarmer PaletteEnuma Anu EnlilThe Debate of a Man with His SoulUruk VaseEgyptian Royal DecreesStele of Hammurabi and the Code of HammurabiIshtar Gate of BabylonRosetta StonePalermo StoneTurin CanonTeaching of

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