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WCC ESC 301 - Weekly Response Chapter 9

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Jessica AriasESC 301ProfessorMontillaMarch 30, 2021Weekly Response Chapter9Chapter9:Chapter9is started off with basic assumption we may have on behaviorism. We discoverin the beginning of the chapter that behaviorists tend to have a spotlight on stimuli and responses. As it is referred to S-R. Stimuli plays an important role in their behavior depending ontheir specific environment. When we think about how we learn we must also think about our change in behavior. To have good learning you need to have links with stimuli and responses. This is even better when you are able to have them occur closely in time.In the thought process of building on S-R associations we must consider classical conditioning. As we can learn new response while also having 2 stimuli at the same time. This conditioning has a three-step process including unconditioned stimuli and responses, neutral stimulus, CS-CR (conditioned). We use classical conditioning to understand the way people learn with involuntary responses. Two common phenomena through the use of classical conditioning are generalization and extinction. Generalization is a condition response to a new stimulus while extinction is it a conditioned response that may disappear. With the use of the idea of doing things slowly and gradually we can have students feel good about being introducedto a new stimulus. Thinking about instrumental conditioning as students learn from consequences. Using reinforcement type students follow a particular response with reinforcers to get to a goal. leading to punishment as both reinforcement in punishment is stimuli, they can manipulate behavior. This can vary from class to class as teachers may find different forms of reinforcement and punishment depending on their class. In comparison to classical conditioning responses are voluntary in learning happens after the stimulus. There are primary reinforcements which are basic necessities and secondary ones. Secondary ones can be considered as money and trophies, which are far more common in the classroom. We do have to keep in mind the idea of positive and negative reinforcement and how that can affect the classroom. It is also mentioned that delayed gratification in the way students may perceive it.The text mentions strategies Frank urging productive behavior and eliminating the unwanted ones. To use reinforcement effectively we must specify goals and behaviors from the start. I think it is building a fine line of what is expected from students. we also want to make sure we have positive reinforcements for behavior we desire. Teachers must be aware that extrinsic reinforcement may take away from a student's idea of enjoyment. You think a strategy named token economy; students will have an incentive to receive tokens in exchange for a purchase of some sorts. positive behavioral interventions uses recognizing the purposes that inappropriate behaviors brings out a scheme to promote appropriate behaviors. Some schools have even institutionalized schoolwide positive behavioral interventions in support which helps keep productive behaviors in all students. Focus on reinforcers to get desired behaviors and erasethe unwanted ones. As we think about our students, they all have different backgrounds in different experiences have come across in school. We have to take into account how their background influence the way they are perceived reinforcements through achievements. What I took away isthat behaviorism is based on different levels stimuli and responses. what do you spell reinforcements and punishments being positive and negative and how we can use them to our advantage in the


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