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USC IR 384 - Names Quiz

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1. Rodrigo Duterte (Philippines)- 16th president of the Philippines & the first president from Mindanao- Oldest president to be elected- Worked in 3 branches of the government2. Aung San Suu Kyi (Burma)- Leader of the National League for Democracy in Burma & famous prisoner- Under house arrest several times- Non-violent struggle for democracy & human rights- Won the Rafto Prize & the Sakharov Prize in 1990, and the Nobel Peace Prize in 19913. Chen Shui-bian (Taiwan)- First president of the Democratic Progressive Party (Taiwan) which ended the Kuomintang’s 55 years of continuous rule in Taiwan4. Chiang Kai-shek (China)- Commander in chief of the National Revolutionary Army & led the Northern Expedition from 1926 to 1928- Reunified China under a new National government5. Prayut Chan-o-cha (Thailand)- Military leader who became prime minister of Thailand from 2014 to 2019- Leader of a coup d-etat which installed the National Council for Peace and Order6. Tsai Ing-wen (Taiwan)- First female president of Taiwan7. Chun Doo Hwan (South Korea)- Former president of South Korea from 1980 to 1988- Involved in the Gwangju Massacre & was sentenced to death, but was later pardoned to life instead8. Deng Xiaoping (China)- Successor to Mao Zedong in 1976- Joined Mao Zedong’s revolutionary communist movement- Differed with Mao Zedong b/c he aimed to modernize China with capitalistic ideas, while Zedong rejected capitalism9. Emperor Hirohito (Japan)- Emperor during Japan’s militaristic period from the early 1930s to 1945, the end of WWII- Invasion of China- Bombing of Pearl Harbor- Japanese surrender to the Allies10. Ho Chi Minh (Vietnam)- One of the most influential communist leaders- Led the Viet Minh independence movement from 1941 onward- Led the Communist-ruled Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945- Key figure during the Vietnam War between the People’s Army of Vietnam and the Viet Cong- North Vietnam (People’s Army of Vietnam) defeated South Vietnam (VietCong) and Vietnam was unified in 1976- Saigon, former capital of South Vietnam, was renamed Ho Chi Minh City in his honor11. Kim Dae Jung (South Korea)- Took office in the midst of the economic crisis of South Korea in the final year of Kim Young Sam’s term (1997-2003)- Awarded the Peace Prize for his “sunshine policy” towards North Korea- Used warmth & friendliness to lay the foundations for a peaceful reunification of the two Korean states- First opposition leader (Democratic Party of Korea) to win election to South Korea’s presidency12. Kim Il Sung (North Korea)- First communist leader of North Korea from 1948 to 1994- Fought against Japanese occupation- Kim was then suggested to Joseph Stalin as a potential communist leader of the Korean peninsula13. Lee Kuan Yew (Singapore)- Singaporean statesman & lawyer who served as the first Prime Minister of Singapore from 1959 to 1990- AKA Singapore’s founding father- Made Singapore an economic powerhouse- Third world to first in only a generation14. Mahathir Mohamad (Malaysia)- Prime minister from 1981 to 2003 until he resigned office, making him the longest serving prime minister in Malaysia’s history- Rapid economic growth- Began privatizing government enterprises–airlines, utilities, telecommunications- North-South Expressway: highway that runs from the Thai border to Singapore15. Mao Zedong (China)- Chinese communist revolutionary who was the founding father of the People’s Republic of China- Ruled as the chairman of the Chinese Communist Party from the establishment of the PRC in 1949 to 1976 after winning the civil war- Marxis-leninist view of things16. Ferdinand Marcos (Philippines)- 10th president of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986- Increased industrialization & created solid infrastructures nationwide- North Luzon Expressway & the Maharlika Highway17. Ne Win (Burma)- Burmese politician & military commander who served as Prime Minister of Burma from 1958 to 1960- 4th president of Burma from 1962 to 1988 as a military dictator during the Socialist Burma period- Founded Burma Socialist Programme Party & overthrew the democratic Union Parliament of U Nu in the 1962 Burmese coup d’etat18. Li Keqiang (China)- Premier of the People’s Republic of China since 201319. Pol Pot (Cambodia)- Communist leader of Khmer Rouge government who led Cambodia from 1975 to 1979- Transformed Cambodia into a one-party state called Democratic Kampuchea- Agrarian socialist society -> communist society- During that time, as estimated 1.5 to 2 million Cambodians died of starvation, execution, disease or overwork20. Suharto (Indonesia)- 2nd president of Indonesia from 1967 to 1998- “New Order” administration which constructed a strong, centralised, and military-dominated government- Anti-communist stance won him the economic & diplomatic support of the West during the Cold War21. Sukarno (Indonesia)- First president of Indonesia from 1945 to 1967- Leader who fought for independence from the Netherlands and Japan- Netherlands forcefully abandoned Indonesia to the Japanese in 1942- Japan surrendered Indonesia in 194522. Lee Hsien Loong (Singapore)- 3rd Prime Minister of Singapore from 1990 to 2004- Eldest son of first prime minister, Lee Kuan Yew23. Koizumi Jun’ichiro (Japan)- Prime Minister of Japan and President of the Liberal Democratic Party from 2001 to 200624. Abe Shinzo (Japan)- Prime Minister of Japan and President of the Liberal Democratic Party from 2006 to 2007 and again from 2012 to 2020- Longest serving prime minister in Japanese history- Abenomics- Increasing the money supply- Undertaking government spending to stimulate the economy- Undertaking economic and regulatory reforms to make Japan more competitive in the global market25. Scott Morrison (Australia)- 30th and current prime minister of Australia- Conservative politician who became leader of the Liberal Party26. Kim Jong Un (North Korea)- North Korean Supreme Leader since 2011 and the leader of the Workers’ Party ofKorea- Ordered the purge/execution of several North Korean officials- Ordered the 2017 assassination of his half-brother, Kim Jong-Nam, in Malaysia- Expansion of the consumer economy, construction projects & tourist attractions- Strongly believed that nuclear weapons are his guarantee of regime survival27. Ismail Sabri Yaakob (Malaysia)- 9th Prime Minister of Malaysia since August 202128. Najib Razak (Malaysia)- 6th Prime Minister of Malaysia from 2009 to 2018- High Court convicted him on all 7


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