Study Guide for Final Exam

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Study Guide for Final ExamChapter Nine19th Amendment pg. 225: Passed in 1920, giving women the right to voteMatilda Evans pg. 222: the first black woman to practice in South Carolina, treated her patients in her home, no matter how ill they were, until her practice became large enough for her to rent abuilding and establish a hospital for 30 patients, with nurse training school attached. She founded 3 hospitals b/w 1898-1916, created a fee clinic for mothers and children in the basementof a black church in 1930 and organized the Negro Health Association of South Carolina.NACGN pg. 224: In August 1908, 52 nurses convened at St. Mark’s Episcopal Church in NYC to found the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses. In 1912, NACGN members numbered 125, and by 1920, the organization had 500.Violette N. Anderson Pg. 225-226 first black woman to practice law in Illinois, first woman prosecutor in Chicago, and first black woman lawyer to argue a case before the US Supreme Court.Marian Fleming Poe pg.226: in 1925, was admitted to the Virginia bar and became the first blackwoman to practice law in a southern state. She opened a private practice in Newport News.Sadie Tanner Mossell pg. 226: was the first black woman to be admitted to the bar and practice law in Pennsylvania.Charlotta Spears Bass pg. 227: and her husband (Joseph Bass) attacked the racial stereotypes andthe glorification of the KKK in D.W. Griffith’s film The Birth of a Nation, defended the black soldiers of the 24th Infantry who were unjustly sentenced in the Houston riot of 1917, and supported the defendants in the Scottsboro trials.Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller pg. 228: Sculptor of Man Eating His Heart. In 1910, 16 years of her work got destroyed in a fire including Man Eating His Heart. Continues to create powerful political art, as well as work that expressed the African heritage of black Americans, receiving considerable recognition from the black community.May Howard Jackson pg. 229: she led the way for the African American consciousness of the Harlem Renaissance. Her subjects blacks and mixed-race people. Aida Overton Walker pg. 230: talented dancer and singer who had toured with Sissieretta Jones.Anita Bush pg. 231: formed a company that would launch the black theater movement in NYC. At 16 she joined the Williams and Walker Company. Produced the Lincoln production plays with black actors Quality Amusement Corp. pg. 231: the black community was impressed and supported black theater so they formed the QAC to sponsor the Lafayette Players and send them on tour.Florence Mills pg. 232: was only 25 but not a novice. The critics could not describe her voice. Itwas her dancing (danced in all black shows spawned Shuffle Along) that completely stunned audiences. Josephine Baker pg. 233: on her first appearance on Broadway stage, she mugged and shimmed and crossed her eyes and made the audience adore her. She later went to Europe where they fell in love with her, too.Zora Neale Hurston pg. 234 lecture 3/31: Great intellectual black, female writer (a renegade). She wrote about the black experience, but not about “race relations”. Born in Eatonville, Fl. She did not receive recognition for her work until the few past years. Some of her recognizable work include Jonah’s Gourd Vine, Mules & Men, Their Eyes Were Watching God, My Horse, and Moses.Nella Larsen pg. 235: novelist, had never experienced the nurturing atmosphere of the black community from which Hurston took so much strength. Instead she was brought up by her whitemother and step-father after the death of her West Indian father. She was surrounded by a white family, but made a clear commitment to the African American heritage. Georgia Douglas Johnson pg. 235: represents another aspect of the literary expression of black women, mixed, middle-class ancestry, she had the gift of lyric poet at a time when black poetswere supposed to sound a note of militancy and racial pride. Her first novel The Heart of a Woman brought her severe criticism.Nancy Elizabeth Prophet pg. 237: visual artist/sculptress who carved stark, naturalistic heads with a strong African influence(being a black woman virtually destroyed Elizabeth Prophet)Augusta Savage pg. 237: sculptress who created stunningly stylized works symbolic of black struggle and aspiration(being a black woman made Augusta Savage strong)Beulah Ecton Woodard pg. 237: a prominent California sculptressChapter TenHousewives League of Detroit pg. 245-247: June 10, 1930 50 black women responded to a call by Fannie B. Peck, wife of Rev. Peck, pastor of Bethel AME Church and president of Booker T Washington Trade Association. Peck had conceived an idea of creating an organization of housewives after hearing a lecture by M.A.L Holsey. She focused her attention on women, most essentially, yet most unfamiliar factor in building of homes, communities, and nations-“the spending power of women”. It combined economic nationalism and black women’s self-determination to help black families and businesses survive the Depression.STFU pg. 248: Southern Tenant Farmers Union, a group organized to protest federal agricultural policies that proved harmful to the rural poor of the South.Miranda Smith pg. 248: black woman leader who became southern regional director of the FTA after a major strike against R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company occurred.Mary McLeod Bethune pg. 250-252, lecture 3/24: Most powerful black woman in government, but never held an elected office. Created a school in Daytona, Fl. w/ 5 students and even less money than that. She believed in racial immigration and refused to give in to the way Blacks were supposed to act in the South. When whites attended her school functions she did not arrange special seating…..Langston Hughes commended her for doing thisAugusta Savage pg. 253: a strong voice for black artist, to get more Af. Am. involved in FAP work, she lobbied politicians and declared her cause to the press, but also worked behind the scenes."The Harp" pg. 253: In 1938, one of Savage’s sculptures that was inspired by James Weldon Johnson’s lyrics to “Lift Every Voice and Sing” consisted of a line of elegantly stylized black singers grouped to suggest a harp. It was 16ft and greatly loved in black community. The harp was bulldozed at the end of the fair because NY Commission of the World’s Fair declined to castthe sculpture into bronze.The Black siren pg.256: Am. denigration of the morality

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