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FINAL STUDY GUIDESPC 1017 Chapter 11.) An activity exchange, or set of behaviors that occurs over time (or to say that communication is an ever changing activity)• Process2.) The understanding of a message (communications is defined as the process of using messages to generate _______ )• Meaning3.) A message initiator• Source4.) The receiver’s verbal and nonverbal responses to the source’s• Feedback5.) The process of translating an idea or thought into a code• Encoding6.) The process of assigning meaning to the idea or thought in a code• Decoding 7.) The act of taking part in a conversation, discussion, or negotiation• Dialogue8.) __________ of the message describes the behavior that is expected• Content Dimension 9.) ___________ of the message suggests how it should be interpreted• Relational10.) The process of using messages to generate meanings in a mediated system, between a source and a large number of unseen receivers• Mass Communication11.) A set of moral principles or values• NCA Credo of Ethics12.) The communication process functions best when individuals are actively involved in taking part in a conversation, discussion, or negotiation with others. Which word describes these functions of this communication process?• Dialogue13.) Messages are said to have two types of dimensions. If you examine the messages of others strictly for the substance, then you are most concerned about which of the dimensions?• Content 14.) Which of the following statements about the goals of communication is accurate?• The NCA Credo of Ethics may no be consistent with otheracademic disciples, cultures, and beliefsChapter 215.) At the end of a lengthy three hour class period, Jennifer found herself listening less to what her professor had to say and just reduced herself to simply recording the information being provided. Based on the discussion of the perception process in the text, what reflects Jennifer’s behavior in this class? (means that your mind is not engaged in the present moment)• Passive Perception 16.) People differ from each other in height, weight, body type, sex, and senses• Physiological Factors 17.) You neglect some stimuli in your environment to focus on other stimuli• Selection18.) The tendency to expose ourselves to information that reinforces rather than contradicts our beliefs or opinions• Selective Exposure 19.) The tendency to remember better the things that reinforces our beliefs than those that oppose them• Selective Retention 20.) The focal point of a person’s attentions• Figure 21.) The background against which a person’s focused attention occurs• Ground 22.) The tendency to fill in missing information in order to complete an otherwise incomplete figure or statement• Closure 23.) The principle that elements are grouped together because they share attributes such as size, color, or shape (When you walk into a classroom on the first day of class, you sit next to a person who is of the same gender and who is wearing similar clothing to yourself)• Similarity24.) Our belief that others are fundamentally like us• Projection25.) A generalization of all attributes based on one attribute, which can be negative or positive (“Dan is good at math so he must be a good student and a person”)• Halo Effect26.) The perceptual error of viewing everyone as average or neutral• Central Tendency 27.) According to Maslow, the fulfillment of one’s potential as a person• Self Actualization28.) The picture an individual has of himself or herself; the sort ofperson an individual believes he or she is• Self Image29.) Individuals who are highly aware of their impression management behavior• High Self Monitor 30.) What are the physiological factors that that could lead to difference in perception?• Gender and body temperatureChapter 331.) The branch of language study that is concerned with meaning • Semantics32.) A theory that our perception of reality is determined by our thought processes and our thought processes are limited by ou language and, therefore, that language shapes our reality• Sapir- Whorf33.) An individualized or personalized meaning of a word, which may be emotionally laden• Connotative Meaning 34.) An expression that has lost originality and force through overuse• Cliché 35.) The technical language developed by a professional group (language may create confusion when technical terms created by a professional group are used with audiences unfamiliar with the terms)• Jargon36.) Restating another person’s message by rephrasing the content or intent of the message• Paraphrasing 37.) Specifying when you made an observation, since everything changes over time• Dating 38.) The practice of describing observed behavior or phenomena instead of offering personal reactions or judgments• Descriptiveness/Classified reality39.) Conclusions drawn from observations• Inferences40.) “See that guy over by the pop machine with the brown hair and the Metallica t-shirt?” This statement illustrates what? (Identifying the uniqueness of objects, events, and people) • Indexing41.) What strategy would help you be descriptive?• Check your perceptionsChapter 4 42.) The process of using messages that are not words to generatemeaning• Nonverbal Communication 43.) Nonverbal and verbal codes add meaning to each other and expand the meaning of either there messages alone • Complementation44.) Nonverbal cues are used to monitor and control interactions with others • Regulation 45.) The purposefulness of nonverbal codes• Intentionality 46.) The study of bodily movements, including posture, gestures, and facial expressions• Kinesics47.) The zone distance extending 18 inches to 4 feet from your body is called• Personal Distance 48.) Also called Temporal communication; the way people organize and use time• Chromatics 49.) The non-word sounds and non-word characteristics of language • Paralinguistic Features 50.) Also called object language is the study of the human use of clothing and other artifacts as nonverbal codes • Objectics 51.) ;-) • Emoticons 52.) Sarina holds up her hand to indicate “STOP” while Robert is talking to her. Sarina’s nonverbal gesture is an example of • Regulators53.) While eating dinner with her friends, Natalie noticed a nice looking ma sitting two tables away. She smiled at the man when he looked at her to indicate

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