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FSU DEP 3103 - Child Psychology NOTES Week 1

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Child Psychology (DEP3103) WEEK 1 5/16/12 6:41 PM Dr.Lane email: [email protected] Office: PDB 228 Class meets: MWF 930-1140am Required Text: Santrock, J.W. Child Development 13th Ed. McGraw-Hill FIRST TEST FRIDAY may 18th (Ch. 1 and 2) IF you want to check out test, must make apt within 1 week of being posted. + iClicker EXAM 1 May 18- chapters 1 & 2 EXAM 2 June 1- chapters 3 & 4 & 5 EXAM 3 June 13- chapters 9 & 10 & 11 & Disney&Death EXAM 4 June 22- chapters 12 & 14 & 15 ----------------------------------- CHAPTER 1 Intro: History and Science of Child Psychology Child Psychology Psychology study of behavior and mental processes, languages thoughts dreams Conception->Adolescence (FOCUS ON) How, When, Why WHY: understand impact of childhood on adulthood, helps parents/teachers/others understand children, helps understand ourselves How Perception of Children has changed over time: -Medieval (6-15th Century) through paintings etc suggest children were seen as separate adults -Original Sin view (16th Century) puritans; kids born EVIL and STUBBORN with sin, harsh restrictive parenting aka beatings, tough love True or False: They do not love their children, FALSE -Tabula Rasa view (end of 17th century) JOHN LOCKE, blank slate, TorF: kids are NOT born bad or good. TRUE. Spend time with child and help them become contributing member of society.TorF: Those following Tabula Rasa believe if your child is a serial killer, it’s the parents fault. TRUE -Innate Goodness view (18th century) kids born KNOWING what is RIGHT and WRONG, INHERENTLY good. Little parental monitoring, harmed upbringing if adult involved too much -Today: Kids seen as separate, department stores, laws securing their difference with protection against sexual pedophilia, clothing. Important Terms: 1. Development: pattern of change from conception to death, child development from conception to adolescence 2. Biological processes: changes in the body 3. Cognitive processes: changes in though, intelligence, language 4. Socio-emotional processes: changes in relationships, emotions, and personality [Biological processes tend to be physical in nature, cognitive purely thought processes, socio-emotional dealing with reactions to environment inside] Ex: Suze’s ability to grasp a bottle would be considered A.) Biological Processes CORRECT Time Periods: 5. Prenatal Period: (conception to birth/9months) 6. Infancy (Birth to 18-24 mos./2yrs) 7. Early Childhood (2-5 or 6yrs of age) [PreSchool age]<<< 8. Middle Childhood(6-11yr) 9. Adolescence (10/12->18/22yrs) *Emerging Adulthood (18-25yrs) Reflect What age range did you become an adolescence? B.)11-12yrs old (personal answer) Were you physically, cognitively, and socio-emotionally different when you became an adolescent?Yes 3 Issues child researchers deal with in their research 1. Nature-Nurture Issue -biology vs socialization 2. Continuity and Discontinuity -Continuous Development vs Stages, life experiences can change your development when things are happening throughout development, discontinuity is when you reach a certain age something happens etc 3. Early-Later Experience -Early life is more important to adulthood than later life experiences Reflect Which of the following do you feel had the biggest influence on who you are now? A.) Early Experiences Can you identify an early experience that you believe contributed in important ways to your development? Can you identify a recent or current (later) experience that you think had (is having) a strong influence on your development? Theories of Development A) Psychoanalytic Theories -Unique history of child -Series of stages with conflicts that need to be resolved, (discontinuity) -Resolution or lack there of determines who you become as an adult -Freud (neurologist, coke addict, genius) -Psychosexual Theory -Focus on unconscious and drives (sex, aggression) -3 Parts of Personality (Id, Ego, Superego) ->Id: Does NOT operate in reality, desires immediate gratification, ->Ego: DOES OPERATE in REALITY, Mediator, job to make sure Id and Superego are satisfied ->Superego: put in place by parental figure, conscience, Does NOT operate in reality, always wants you to do what’s RIGHT-Every stage must be met with right amount of gratification-> parents job -FIXATED means parent did not give right amount, too much, or too little for gratification of growing ‘pleasure zones’. Doesn’t mean you don’t move on but as ‘war’ goes on you will ‘leave troops’ behind in these zones, which is what causes the lingering fixation. Freud---- -Oral (birth-1yr.) (feeding, breastfeeding) -Anal (1-3yrs.) (potty training, [too early, or too late, could cause fixation; anal retentive comes from this, too controlling because you couldn’t control bowels, OR messy sloppy because not taken care of this]) -Phallic (3-6yrs.) (age 3 baby realizes he/she is boy/girl, Freud says boys desire momma(Oedipus complex), girls desire daddas (Electra complex), afraid father will find out about ur desire for momma which creates Castration Anxiety which leads to you adopting dad’s values and actions so you can find someone LIKE your mom. Freud believe women don’t have morals and values because they DON’T have penis which means they DON’T feel castration anxiety thus they DON’T relate with mother and DON’T take up mother’s value system. -Latency (6-puberty) (focusing now on socialization with own gender and not as much on sex) -Genital (Puberty-onward) (romantic feelings, sexual mingling) Ex: Sammy wants juice, mom says no, he wants it badly, has temper tantrum. What is responsible for this? Id. CORRECT -Psychosocial Stages, aka Erikson (similar to Freud in age mapping but diff, focus on belonging to others) -has basic 5 stages, but ADDED 3 more that deal with Adulthood B) Behavioral and Social Cognitive Theories -Pavlov’s Classical Conditioning (salivating dogs) -Bahaviorism – Watson, John -Social Learning Theory – Bandura (imitating action) -Social Cognitive Theory – Bandura rev. (modeling parents thinking) C) Cognitive Theories –Key is conscious thought (US 1960’s)-Piaget’s Cognitive Development Theory -Assimilation: take new knowledge and put it into categories or schemas that already exist -see golden retriever put into category for dog, 4 legs etc etcbarks -Accomodation: new info doesn’t fit into the categories that already exist so you make a new


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