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NursingAsia(india)Nursing education is governed in India by the central body Indian NursingCouncil and its norms are implemented through respective State Nursingcouncils. The list of state nursing councils are available in the official webpage of Indian Nursing Council. First formal education in nursing wasoffered in Madras Medical college, in Madras presidency. Indian NursingCouncil Act, 1947. Act Year Number: Act No. 19 of December enactmentDate of enactment: [31 December 19act] Act Objective: An Act to constitutethe Nursing Council of India. To establish uniform standards of training fornurses, midwives, and health visitors. It is implemented with 17 sectionsand each section indicates the specific legislative role of the council.The nursing profession was dominated by females in the British colonialperiod, but in Madras Presidency, men were actively engaged in theprofession.[Israel Nurses in Israel have a wide variety of responsibilities, including hospitalcare, patient education, wound care, prenatal and other monitoring,midwifery, and well-baby clinics.Nursing in Israeli culture begins with Shifra and Puah, the two Jewishmidwives who helped the Jewish women in ancient Egypt give birth.Modern-day nursing was established with through the nurses sent to Israelby the Haddassah organization, as well as a nursing school founded byHenrietta Szold in 1918. During those times, the United Kingdom regulatedmidwifery in Israel, but the nurses were not mentioned in the regulationdecree.Today, nurses and midwives are regulated through the Israeli Ministry ofHealth. JapanHistory Nursing was not an established part of Japan's healthcare system until1899 with the Midwives Ordinance.[119] From there the Registered NurseOrdinance came into play in 1915. This established a legal substantiationto registered nurses all over Japan. A new law geared towards nurses wascreated during World War II: the Public Health Nurse, Midwife and NurseLaw, established in 1948.[104] It established educational requirements,standards and licensure. There has been a continued effort to improvenursing in Japan. In 1992 the Nursing Human Resource Law was passed.[104] This law created the development of new university programs fornurses. Those programs were designed to raise the education level of thenurses so that they could be better suited for taking care of the public. Types of nursesJapan only recognizes four types of nursing and they are Public HealthNursing, Midwifery, Registered Nursing and Assistant Nursing.Public healthThis type of nursing is designed to help the public and is also driven by thepublic's needs. The goals of public health nurses are to monitor the spreadof disease, keep vigilant watch for environmental hazards, educate thecommunity on how to care for and treat themselves, and train forcommunity disasters.MidwiferyNurses that are involved with midwifery are independent of anyorganization. A midwife takes care of a pregnant woman during labour andpostpartum. They assist with things like breastfeeding and caring for thechild. Nursing Assistant Nursing assistants, also known as nurse assistants or CNAs (CertifiedNursing Assistants), assist patients with basic daily tasks. Individuals whoare assistant nurses follow orders from a registered nurse. They reportback to the licensed nurse about a patient's condition. Assistant nurses arealways supervised by a licensed registered nurse. Education In 1952 Japan established the first nursing university in the country.[104]An associate degree was the only level of certification for years. Soonpeople began to want nursing degrees at a higher level of education. Soonthe Bachelor's Degree in Nursing (BSN) was established. Currently, Japanoffers doctorate-level degrees of nursing in a good number of itsuniversities.There are three ways that an individual could become a registered nurse inJapan. After obtaining a high school degree the person could go to anursing university for four years and earn a bachelor's degree, go to ajunior nursing college for three years or go to a nursing school for threeyears.[104] Regardless of where the individual attends school they musttake the national exam. Those who attended a nursing university have a bitof an advantage over those who went to a nursing school. They can takethe national exam to be a registered nurse, public health nurse or midwife.In the cases of becoming a midwife or a public health nurse, the studentmust take a one-year course in their desired field after attending a nursinguniversity and passing the national exam to become a registered nurse.The nursing universities are the best route for someone who wants tobecome a nurse in Japan.[104] They offer a wider range of generaleducation classes and they also allow for a more rigid teaching style ofnursing. These nursing universities train their students to be able to makecritical and educated decisions when they are out in the field. Physiciansare the ones who are teaching the potential nurses because there are notenough available nurses to teach students. This increases the dominancethat physicians have over nurses.Students that attend a nursing college or just a nursing school receive thesame degree as one who graduated from a nursing university would, butthey do not have the same educational background. The classes offered atnursing colleges and nursing schools are focused on more practicalaspects of nursing. These institutions do not offer many general educationclasses, so students who attend these schools will solely be focusing ontheir nursing educations while they are in school. Students who attend anursing college or school do have the opportunity to become a midwife or apublic health nurse. They have to go through a training institute for theirdesired field after graduating from the nursing school or college.[104]Japanese nurses never have to renew their licenses. Once they havepassed their exam, they have their license for life.Today Like the United States, Japan is in need of more nurses. The driving forcebehind this need is the fact that country is aging and needs more medicalcare for its people.

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Stanford AFRICAST 141A - Nursing ( worldwide)

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