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UA ATR 257 - Mid-term study guide

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Mid-term study guide (February 28th)- Personality (definition)o Psychological Coreo Typical responseso Role-related behavior- Personality from 5 viewpoints (knowledgeable of the basic principle)o Psychodynamic approacho Trait approacho Situational approacho Interactional approacho Phenomenological approach- Motivation (definition) 5 guidelines for building motivation (know examples of)o Consider both situations and traits in motivating peopleo Understand there are multiple motives for involvemento Change environmento Motivation is influenced by behavior and actionso Utilizing behavior modifications - Intrinsic motivation (knowledge, accomplishment, stimulation)- Extrinsic motivation - Amotivation- Achievement motivation, Competitiveness (know the difference)- Arousal, Anxiety, Stress (be able to distinguish the difference) State and Trait behaviors (know the difference)- 4 interrelated stages of stresso Environmental Demando Perception of Demando Stress Responseo Behavioral Consequences The relationship between arousal and performance – Inverted U hypothesis Wasted emotions that human beings express – worry and guilt (why)- Competition and Cooperation (defined and distinguished) - Viewing competition as a processo Objective Competitive situationo Subjective competitive situation Competitiveness Win orientation Goal orientationo Responseo Consequences- Feedback and Reinforcement o Positive and negative- Guidelines for using positive reinforcement (know why)  Choose effective reinforcers Schedule the reinforcer effectively Reward appropriate behavior Provide performance feedback- Using Punishments explained o Support for punishment Criticisms Making it effective The sandwich approach – effective communication when teaching - Group and Team dynamicso Recognize the difference between groups and teams- 3 theories of group developmento Linear perspectiveo Cyclical perspectiveo Pendular perspective- Group structureso Group Roles (Formal vs informal (know examples), Clarity, Acceptance, Conflict)o Group Norms (Productivity, Positive, Modification)- Effective team Climateo Socialo Proximityo Distinctivenesso Fairnesso Similarityo Task interdependence Ringelmann Effect  Social loafing- Team cohesiono Forces acting on members of a group (attractiveness and means control)- Model of cohesiono Environmental factorso Personal factorso Leadership factorso Team factors- Building team cohesiono What coaches and leaders can doo What group members can


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